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Competing Interests of the PLOS Medicine Editors

PLOS is a tax-exempt, 501(c)3, nonprofit corporation. PLOS' overall revenues and funding information for 2012 are listed in the PLOS Progress Update 2012/2013 http://www.plos.org/about/plos/progress-update/.

The PLOS Medicine editors are paid a fixed salary (in particular, their salary is not linked to the number of papers published in the journal). Editors are required to declare all relevant competing interests and do not participate in the review of any paper for which they have a competing interest. The statements below have been updated in February 2014, and relate to activities over the previous 12 months. However relevant competing interests from previous years will also be taken into account when deciding whether it is appropriate for an editor to handle a paper. See the competing interest statements made in 2013, January 2012, January 2011, January 2010, January 2009 and January 2008 by the PLOS Medicine editors.

Larry Peiperl

    Monetary or in kind compensation for self or household member from an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially or in any other way from the publication of papers in PLOS Medicine
    • Reimbursement for attending a conference or symposium.
      • Open Society Foundation covered my travel (from London), meal, and lodging expenses to attend a conference in Berlin hosted by OSF's Access to Medicines Initiative on “Changing the narrative on pharmaceutical drug development, accountability and global health” in November 2013.
      • I attended the American Medical School Student Association convention in March 2014 as an invited speaker, with travel expenses paid by the AMSA Just Medicine program (formerly PharmFree Campaign).
    • Accommodation and travel. See above.
    • Fees for speaking. No.
    • Fees for organizing education. No.
    • Funds for research or for a member of staff. No.
    • Fees for consulting.
      • I received approximately $400 in stipends for past service on the Pharmacy and Therapeutics Committee of the San Francisco Health Plan, a non-for-profit organization that administers managed care programs serving patients with government-funded insurance (MediCal)
    Employment of self or household member by an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially from the publication of papers in PLOS Medicine
    • I am a volunteer faculty member at the University of California San Francisco, with teaching responsibilities at San Francisco General Hospital.
    Stocks or Shares
    • I hold several employment-related retirement accounts including a variety of mutual funds. I do not determine or keep track of the individual companies in which they invest.
    Other competing interests
    No

Paul Simpson

    Monetary or in kind compensation for self or household member from an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially or in any other way from the publication of papers in PLOS Medicine
    • Reimbursement for attending a conference or symposium. No.
    • Fees for speaking. No.
    • Fees for organizing education. No.
    • Funds for research or for a member of staff. No.
    • Fees for consulting. No.
    Employment of self or household member by an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially from the publication of papers in PLOS Medicine
    • No.
    Stocks or Shares
    • I have contributed to the USS pension scheme. I have neither specific information nor influence about which companies the fund invests money into. My banks accounts are with UK high street banks.
    • My wife and I have a £500 share in the Horningsea Community Interest Company. The community interest company was set up with the explicit aim of ensuring that a small village public house and restaurant "The Plough & Fleece" was run by and for the community. More information can be found here: http://www.ploughandfleece.com/investing/
    Other Competing Interests
    • From 2003-2006 I held an Medical Research Council funded PhD studentship.
    • From 2007-2011 my salary was funded by the Leukemia & Lymphoma Society of America.
    • Through previous academic positions I personally know authors who might submit articles to PLOS journals.
    • I have previously donated money to Amnesty International.

Melissa Norton*

    Monetary or in kind compensation for self or household member from an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially or in any other way from the publication of papers in PLOS Medicine
    • Reimbursement for attending a conference or symposium.
      • My husband has received reimbursements for costs associated with attending scientific conferences and symposia in relation to his work
    • Accommodation and travel.
      • My husband has received travel and accommodation reimbursement for invited lectures at conferences, symposia, and companies, as well as for serving on the scientific advisory boards of various academic projects
    • Fees for speaking.
      • My husband has received honoraria for speaking at conferences, symposia and academic institutes.
    • Fees for organizing education. No.
    • Funds for research or for a member of staff.
      • My husband's research is funded by the Wellcome Trust, the EU, and the NIH, amongst other government funding agencies.
    • Fees for consulting.
      • My husband leads an academic project that has a collaboration agreement with a bioinformatics company. This agreement results in royalties and fees for services coming back directly to the academic project.
    Employment of self or household member by an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially from the publication of papers in PLOS Medicine
    • My husband is a researcher at the European Bioinformatics Institute.
    Stocks or Shares
    • My husband and I both hold mutual fund and retirement fund investments but have no specific information or influence about which companies the funds invests their money
    Other competing interests
    • From September 2005 to November 2010, I was employed by BioMed Central, a commercial open access publishing company.
    • I personally know authors who might submit research to PLOS Medicine.
    • I have donated to charities focused on human and animal welfare.

*Melissa Norton is currently on leave

Margaret Winker

    Monetary or in kind compensation for self or household member from an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially or in any other way from the publication of papers in PLOS Medicine
    • Reimbursement for attending a conference or symposium.
      • Reporting of studies Conducted using Observational Routinely-collected Data (RECORD) guidelines meeting in Switzerland: reimbursed for travel and lodging by the Swiss National Science Foundation and meals by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, October 2013
      • Indian Association of Medical Journal Editors conference in New Delhi: reimbursed for travel and had other expenses covered by the conference, November 2013
      • Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC)- Association of College & Research Libraries (ACRL) forum at American Library Association Midwinter Conference in Philadelphia: reimbursed by SPARC for travel from Chicago, January 2014
    • Accomodation and travel. See above.
    • Fees for speaking. No.
    • Fees for organizing education. No.
    • Funds for research or for a member of staff. No.
    • Fees for consulting. No.
    Employment of self or household member by an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially from the publication of papers in PLOS Medicine
    • No.
    Stocks or Shares
    • I hold several employment-related retirement accounts including a variety of mutual funds. I do not determine or keep track of the individual companies in which they invest.
    Other Competing Interests
    • No

Rhona MacDonald

    Monetary or in kind compensation for self or household member from an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially or in any other way from the publication of papers in PLOS Medicine
    • Reimbursement for attending a conference or symposium.
      • I have received reimbursement from WHO for the costs associated with attending global health expert meetings, as has my husband.
    • Accommodation and travel.
      • My husband has received travel and accommodation reimbursement for invited lectures at conferences, and we have both received reimbursements from attending WHO meetings. I am reimbursed travel and accommodation for my work as a Trustee with NHS Highland
    • Fees for speaking.
      • Neither my husband or I have received fees for speaking at conferences.
    • Fees for organizing education. No.
    • Funds for research or for a member of staff. No.
    • Fees for consulting. No.
    Employment of self or household member by an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially from the publication of papers in PLOS Medicine
    • I currently work as a freelance editor for the WHO Bulletin.
    • I am employed as a Trustee for NHS Highland
    • The charity that my husband and I run as volunteers (MCAI) has received a grant from THET and UKAID.
    Stocks or Shares
    • Neither my husband and I have any stocks or shares
    Other competing interests
    • I currently work as a freelance editor for the WHO Bulletin (since 2011)
    • From 2000-2004 I worked as a senior editor at the BMJ
    • From 2006-10, I worked as a senior editor for The Lancet
    • I have previously worked for MSF and Oxfam
    • I run an international medical charity (MCAI) working to strengthen emergency health care systems for babies, children and pregnant women in resource limited settings.
    • I am a non-executive Director of NHS Highland
    • I donate to charities that work to improve healthcare in low income countries (mostly, to MCAI)

Laureen Connell

    Monetary or in kind compensation for self or household member from an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially or in any other way from the publication of papers in PLOS Medicine
    • Reimbursement for attending a conference or symposium. No.
    • Fees for speaking. No.
    • Fees for organizing education. No.
    • Funds for research or for a member of staff. No.
    • Fees for consulting. No.
    Employment of self or household member by an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially from the publication of papers in PLOS Medicine
    • I am a paid adjunct faculty member in the Department of Biology at Farmingdale University, in Farmingdale, NY, USA. I am recused from involvement in the editorial or peer review processes of any manuscripts which may be submitted to PLOS journals by colleagues from Farmingdale University.
    Stocks or Shares
    • My husband and I have several 401k retirement plans. I do not know what stocks these plans invest in.
    Other Competing Interests
    • I may know personally some of the authors who submit articles to PLOS from my editorial work at Genes & Development (2004-2012).

Amy Ross

    Monetary or in kind compensation for self or household member from an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially or in any other way from the publication of papers in PLOS Medicine
    • Reimbursement for attending a conference or symposium. No.
    • Accommodation and travel.
      • My partner has received travel and accommodation reimbursement from Synarc for projects related to his work.
    • Fees for speaking.
      • My partner has received an honorarium from the International Association for the Study of Pain for speaking at a conference.
    • Fees for organizing education. No.
    • Funds for research or for a member of staff.
      • My husband and I have received salary from NIH-funded research while working at Omneuron, Inc. (2007-2012).
    • Fees for consulting. No.
    Employment of self or household member by an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially from the publication of papers in PLOS Medicine
    • My partner and I have been employed by Omneuron, Inc., a biotechnology company funded by US National Institutes of Health grants. My partner is employed at Synarc, Inc., a contract research organization.
    Stocks or Shares
    • My husband and I both hold mutual fund and retirement fund investments in the USA, but have no specific information or influence about which companies the funds invests their money. I also have retirement fund investments in New Zealand and Australia, but have no specific information or influence about which companies these funds invest their money.
    • My partner has stock in Corning, Inc.
    Other Competing Interests
    • From September 2007 to September 2012, I was employed by Omneuron, Inc., a biotechnology company.
    • I have volunteered at University of California San Francisco from 2011.
    • I personally know authors who might submit research to PLOS Medicine.
    • I have donated money to NPR, the Red Cross, Abilities United, and SF Family Dog Rescue.

Tom McBride

    Monetary or in kind compensation for self or household member from an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially or in any other way from the publication of papers in PLOS Medicine
    • Reimbursement for attending a conference or symposium. No.
    • Accommodation and travel. No.
    • Fees for speaking. No.
    • Fees for organizing education. No.
    • Funds for research or for a member of staff. No
    • Fees for consulting. No.
    Employment of self or household member by an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially from the publication of papers in PLOS Medicine
    • My wife is a postdoctoral fellow at the University of California San Francisco, in the laboratory of Anthony Wynshaw-Boris, and she is an adjunct faculty member at University of San Francisco.
    Stocks or Shares
    • I hold several retirement accounts including a variety of mutual funds. I do not determine or keep track of the individual companies in which they invest.
    Other Competing Interests No.

Linda Nevin

    Monetary or in kind compensation for self or household member from an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially or in any other way from the publication of papers in PLOS Medicine
    • Reimbursement for attending a conference or symposium. My husband has received reimbursements for scientific conference registration fees from his employer.
    • Accommodation and travel. My husband has received travel and accommodation reimbursement for conference attendance from his employer.
    • Fees for speaking. No.
    • Fees for organizing education. No.
    • Funds for research or for a member of staff. No.
    • Fees for consulting. Prior to employment at PLOS, I worked within Science Editors Network as a freelance consultant, writer, and editor for various scientists in industry and academia, particularly at Stanford University School of Medicine.
    Employment of self or household member by an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially from the publication of papers in PLOS Medicine

    My husband is a financial analyst for the mutual fund company Capital Group. He invests and makes company-internal stock recommendations, covering the ex-USA pharmaceutical industry.

    Stocks or Shares

    My husband and I both hold mutual fund and retirement fund investments, but do not influence stock choices within those funds.

    Other competing interests

    I personally know authors who might submit research to PLOS Medicine.
    My husband and I have donated to charities focused on human and animal welfare.


Consulting Editorial Staff Competing Interests

Druin Burch

    Monetary or in kind compensation for self or household member from an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially or in any other way from the publication of papers in PLOS Medicine
    • Reimbursement for attending a conference or symposium. No.
    • Fees for speaking.
      • I have received fees for speaking from various media, academic & literary organisations (no pharmaceutical companies) on the subjects of medical history and the history of evidence based medicine.
    • Fees for organizing education. No.
    • Funds for research or for a member of staff.
      • From 1993 to 1995 I carried out research funded by the Medical Research Council of the UK. I have been involved in 2012-2014 in research funded by the Committee on Publication Ethics.
    • Fees for consulting. No.
    Employment of self or household member by an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially from the publication of papers in PLOS Medicine
    • My wife works for the Clinical Trials Service Unit at the University of Oxford. I am a clinician employed by the Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust.
    Stocks or Shares
    • None.
    Other competing interests
    • I write books for Random House, as well as journalism for a range of print & internet publications as well as radio & television.

Domhnall MacAuley

    Monetary or in kind compensation for self or household member from an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially or in any other way from the publication of papers in PLOS Medicine
    • Reimbursement for attending a conference or symposium.
      • I speak at national and international conferences and have been reimbursed for travel and accommodation. No pharmaceutical company involvement
    • Accomodation and travel. See above.
    • Fees for speaking.
    • Fees for organizing education. No.
    • Funds for research or for a member of staff. No.
    • Fees for consulting. No.
    Employment of self or household member by an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially from the publication of papers in PLOS Medicine
    • No.
    Stocks or Shares
    • I have contributed to an NHS and USS pension.
    Other competing interests
    • I was previously employed and maintain links with the University of Ulster and the Queen's University of Belfast. I was previously employed by the BMJ and currently work part time for CMAJ.
    • I have written academic texts related to sport and exercise medicine