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Research Article

Antibiotic Selection Pressure and Macrolide Resistance in Nasopharyngeal Streptococcus pneumoniae: A Cluster-Randomized Clinical Trial

  • Alison H. Skalet,

    Affiliations: Francis I. Proctor Foundation for Research in Opthalmology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America, Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

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  • Vicky Cevallos,

    Affiliation: Francis I. Proctor Foundation for Research in Opthalmology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

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  • Berhan Ayele,

    Affiliation: The Carter Center, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

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  • Teshome Gebre,

    Affiliation: The Carter Center, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

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  • Zhaoxia Zhou,

    Affiliation: Francis I. Proctor Foundation for Research in Opthalmology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

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  • James H. Jorgensen,

    Affiliation: University of Texas Health Sciences Center, San Antonio, Texas, United States of America

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  • Mulat Zerihun,

    Affiliation: The Carter Center, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

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  • Dereje Habte,

    Affiliation: The Carter Center, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

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  • Yared Assefa,

    Affiliation: Department of Ophthalmology, University of Gondar, Ethiopia

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  • Paul M. Emerson,

    Affiliation: The Carter Center, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Bruce D. Gaynor,

    Affiliations: Francis I. Proctor Foundation for Research in Opthalmology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America, Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

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  • Travis C. Porco,

    Affiliations: Francis I. Proctor Foundation for Research in Opthalmology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America, Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America, Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

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  • Thomas M. Lietman,

    Affiliations: Francis I. Proctor Foundation for Research in Opthalmology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America, Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America, Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America, Institute for Global Health, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

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  • Jeremy D. Keenan mail

    jeremy.keenan@ucsf.edu

    Affiliations: Francis I. Proctor Foundation for Research in Opthalmology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America, Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

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  • Published: December 14, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000377

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