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Research Article

Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE): Explanation and Elaboration

  • Jan P Vandenbroucke,

    Affiliation: Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands

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  • Erik von Elm,

    Affiliations: Institute of Social & Preventive Medicine (ISPM), University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland, Department of Medical Biometry and Medical Informatics, University Medical Centre, Freiburg, Germany

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  • Douglas G Altman,

    Affiliation: Cancer Research UK/NHS Centre for Statistics in Medicine, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Peter C Gøtzsche,

    Affiliation: Nordic Cochrane Centre, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark

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  • Cynthia D Mulrow,

    Affiliation: University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, United States of America

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  • Stuart J Pocock,

    Affiliation: Medical Statistics Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

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  • Charles Poole,

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina School of Public Health, Chapel Hill, United States of America

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  • James J Schlesselman,

    Affiliation: Department of Biostatistics, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, and University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, Pittsburgh, United States of America

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  • Matthias Egger mail,

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: strobe@ispm.unibe.ch

    Affiliations: Institute of Social & Preventive Medicine (ISPM), University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland, Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom

    X
  • for the STROBE Initiative
  • Published: October 16, 2007
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.0040297

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The Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) Statement: Guidelines for Reporting Observational Studies

Erik von Elm, Douglas G Altman, Matthias Egger, Stuart J Pocock, Peter C Gøtzsche, Jan P Vandenbroucke
Research Article | published 16 Oct 2007 | PLOS Medicine
doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.0040296