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Essay

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External Financial Aid to Blood Transfusion Services in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Need for Reflection

  • Fereydoun Ala,

    Affiliation: London, United Kingdom

    X
  • Jean-Pierre Allain mail,

    jpa1000@cam.ac.uk

    Affiliation: University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

    X
  • Imelda Bates,

    Affiliation: Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom

    X
  • Kamel Boukef,

    Affiliation: University of Monastir, Monastir, Tunisia

    X
  • Frank Boulton,

    Affiliation: University of Southampton, London, United Kingdom

    X
  • James Brandful,

    Affiliation: Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana

    X
  • Elizabeth M. Dax,

    Affiliation: Fitzroy, Australia

    X
  • Magdy El Ekiaby,

    Affiliation: Shabrawishi Hospital, Giza, Egypt

    X
  • Albert Farrugia,

    Affiliation: University of Western Australia, Crawley, Australia

    X
  • Jed Gorlin,

    Affiliation: Memorial Blood Centers, St Paul, Minnesota, United States of America

    X
  • Oliver Hassall,

    Affiliations: Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

    X
  • Helen Lee,

    Affiliation: University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

    X
  • André Loua,

    Affiliation: University of Guinée, Conakry, Guinea

    X
  • Kathryn Maitland,

    Affiliation: Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

    X
  • Dora Mbanya,

    Affiliation: University of Yaoundé, Yaoundé, Cameroon

    X
  • Zainab Mukhtar,

    Affiliation: Transfusion Medicine, Karachi, Pakistan

    X
  • William Murphy,

    Affiliation: University College, Dublin, Ireland

    X
  • Ohene Opare-Sem,

    Affiliation: University of Science & Technology, Kumasi, Ghana

    X
  • Shirley Owusu-Ofori,

    Affiliation: Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana

    X
  • Henk Reesink,

    Affiliation: Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

    X
  • David Roberts,

    Affiliations: University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom, NHS Blood and Transplant, Watford, United Kingdom

    X
  • Oscar Torres,

    Affiliation: Hospital Materno-Infantil Ramón Sardá, Buenos Aires, Argentina

    X
  • Grace Totoe,

    Affiliation: Community Blood Center, Duluth, Minnesota, United States of America

    X
  • Henrik Ullum,

    Affiliation: Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark

    X
  • Silvano Wendel

    Affiliation: Sirio Libanes Hospital, Sao Paulo, Brazil

    X
  • Published: September 11, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001309

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