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Research Article

Effects of Genital Ulcer Disease and Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 on the Efficacy of Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention: Analyses from the Rakai Trials

  • Ronald H. Gray mail,

    rgray@jhsph.edu

    Affiliation: Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • David Serwadda,

    Affiliations: School of Public Health, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda, Rakai Health Sciences Program, Entebbe, Uganda

    X
  • Aaron A. R. Tobian,

    Affiliation: Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Michael Z. Chen,

    Affiliation: Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Frederick Makumbi,

    Affiliations: School of Public Health, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda, Rakai Health Sciences Program, Entebbe, Uganda

    X
  • Tara Suntoke,

    Affiliation: Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Godfrey Kigozi,

    Affiliation: Rakai Health Sciences Program, Entebbe, Uganda

    X
  • Fred Nalugoda,

    Affiliation: Rakai Health Sciences Program, Entebbe, Uganda

    X
  • Boaz Iga,

    Affiliation: Rakai Health Sciences Program, Entebbe, Uganda

    X
  • Thomas C. Quinn,

    Affiliations: Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America, Division of Intramural Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Lawrence H. Moulton,

    Affiliation: Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Oliver Laeyendecker,

    Affiliations: Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America, Division of Intramural Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Steven J. Reynolds,

    Affiliations: Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America, Division of Intramural Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Xiangrong Kong,

    Affiliation: Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Maria J. Wawer

    Affiliation: Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Published: November 24, 2009
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000187

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