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Research Article

Association between the 2008–09 Seasonal Influenza Vaccine and Pandemic H1N1 Illness during Spring–Summer 2009: Four Observational Studies from Canada

  • Danuta M. Skowronski mail,

    danuta.skowronski@bccdc.ca

    Affiliation: British Columbia Centre for Disease Control (BCCDC), Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

    X
  • Gaston De Serres,

    Affiliation: Institut national de santé publique du Québec, Québec, Canada

    X
  • Natasha S. Crowcroft,

    Affiliations: Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

    X
  • Naveed Z. Janjua,

    Affiliation: British Columbia Centre for Disease Control (BCCDC), Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

    X
  • Nicole Boulianne,

    Affiliation: Institut national de santé publique du Québec, Québec, Canada

    X
  • Travis S. Hottes,

    Affiliation: British Columbia Centre for Disease Control (BCCDC), Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

    X
  • Laura C. Rosella,

    Affiliations: Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

    X
  • James A. Dickinson,

    Affiliation: University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada

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  • Rodica Gilca,

    Affiliation: Institut national de santé publique du Québec, Québec, Canada

    X
  • Pam Sethi,

    Affiliation: Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

    X
  • Najwa Ouhoummane,

    Affiliation: Institut national de santé publique du Québec, Québec, Canada

    X
  • Donald J. Willison,

    Affiliation: Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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  • Isabelle Rouleau,

    Affiliation: Institut national de santé publique du Québec, Québec, Canada

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  • Martin Petric,

    Affiliation: British Columbia Centre for Disease Control (BCCDC), Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

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  • Kevin Fonseca,

    Affiliation: Alberta Provincial Laboratory, Alberta, Canada

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  • Steven J. Drews,

    Affiliation: University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada

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  • Anuradha Rebbapragada,

    Affiliation: Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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  • Hugues Charest,

    Affiliation: Institut national de santé publique du Québec, Québec, Canada

    X
  • Marie-Ève Hamelin,

    Affiliation: Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Québec (CHUQ) Research Center, Laval University, Québec, Canada

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  • Guy Boivin,

    Affiliation: Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Québec (CHUQ) Research Center, Laval University, Québec, Canada

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  • Jennifer L. Gardy,

    Affiliation: British Columbia Centre for Disease Control (BCCDC), Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

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  • Yan Li,

    Affiliation: National Microbiology Laboratory, Public Health Agency of Canada, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

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  • Trijntje L. Kwindt,

    Affiliation: British Columbia Centre for Disease Control (BCCDC), Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

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  • David M. Patrick,

    Affiliation: British Columbia Centre for Disease Control (BCCDC), Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

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  • Robert C. Brunham,

    Affiliation: British Columbia Centre for Disease Control (BCCDC), Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

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  • for the Canadian SAVOIR Team

    Members of the Canadian SAVOIR Team are listed in the Acknowledgments.

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  • Published: April 06, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000258

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