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Table of Contents: July 2007

COVER

Smokeless Tobacco: Reducing Harm?

Image Credit: Joachim Müllerchen (from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Tabak_P9290021.JPG)
Issue Image

The image this month is of Nicotiana tabacum, the plant from which tobacco is made—a surprisingly pretty plant. One of its unpleasant products, snus, a smokeless tobacco, is discussed in a debate article (Gartner, et al.) published in this month's issue, and in the editorial (The PLoS Medicine Editors).

Editorial

The PLoS Medicine Debate

Should the Health Community Promote Smokeless Tobacco (Snus) as a Harm Reduction Measure?

Coral E Gartner, Wayne D Hall, Simon Chapman, Becky Freeman

Neglected Diseases

Liver Fluke Induces Cholangiocarcinoma

Banchob Sripa, Sasithorn Kaewkes, Paiboon Sithithaworn, Eimorn Mairiang, Thewarach Laha, Michael Smout, Chawalit Pairojkul, Vajaraphongsa Bhudhisawasdi, Smarn Tesana, Bandit Thinkamrop, Jeffrey M Bethony, Alex Loukas, Paul J Brindley

Perspective

Policy Forums

Male Circumcision for Prevention of HIV Transmission: What the New Data Mean for HIV Prevention in the United States

Patrick S Sullivan, Peter H Kilmarx, Thomas A Peterman, Allan W Taylor, Allyn K Nakashima, Mary L Kamb, Lee Warner, Timothy D Mastro

South Africa's Experience of the Closure of the Cellulose Sulphate Microbicide Trial

Gita Ramjee, Roshini Govinden, Neetha S Morar, Anthony Mbewu

Research in Translation

Graft-Versus-Host Disease: A Surge of Developments

Stanley R Riddell, Frederick R Appelbaum

Student Forum

Research Articles

The Effects of Mandatory Prescribing of Thiazides for Newly Treated, Uncomplicated Hypertension: Interrupted Time-Series Analysis

Atle Fretheim, Kari Håvelsrud, Graeme MacLennan, Doris Tove Kristoffersen, Andrew D Oxman

Surfactant Maturation Is Not Delayed in Human Fetuses with Diaphragmatic Hernia

Olivier Boucherat, Alexandra Benachi, Bernadette Chailley-Heu, Marie-Laure Franco-Montoya, Caroline Elie, Jelena Martinovic, Jacques R Bourbon

Beta-Catenin Signaling Plays a Disparate Role in Different Phases of Fracture Repair: Implications for Therapy to Improve Bone Healing

Yan Chen, Heather C Whetstone, Alvin C Lin, Puviindran Nadesan, Qingxia Wei, Raymond Poon, Benjamin A Alman

Patient Adherence to Tuberculosis Treatment: A Systematic Review of Qualitative Research

Salla A Munro, Simon A Lewin, Helen J Smith, Mark E Engel, Atle Fretheim, Jimmy Volmink

Preventing Childhood Malaria in Africa by Protecting Adults from Mosquitoes with Insecticide-Treated Nets

Gerry F Killeen, Tom A Smith, Heather M Ferguson, Hassan Mshinda, Salim Abdulla, Christian Lengeler, Steven P Kachur

Age Interactions in the Development of Naturally Acquired Immunity to Plasmodium falciparum and Its Clinical Presentation

John J Aponte, Clara Menendez, David Schellenberg, Elizeus Kahigwa, Hassan Mshinda, Penelope Vountasou, Marcel Tanner, Pedro L Alonso

Toll-Like Receptor 2 Impairs Host Defense in Gram-Negative Sepsis Caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei (Melioidosis)

W. Joost Wiersinga, Catharina W Wieland, Mark C Dessing, Narisara Chantratita, Allen C Cheng, Direk Limmathurotsakul, Wirongrong Chierakul, Masja Leendertse, Sandrine Florquin, Alex F de Vos, Nicholas White, Arjen M Dondorp, Nicholas P Day, Sharon J Peacock, Tom van der Poll

Correspondence

WHO's Response to Global Public Health Threats: XDR-TB

Kumanan Wilson, Michael Gardam, Christopher McDougall, Amir Attaran, Ross Upshur