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Table of Contents: April 2007

COVER

Lethal Injection Is Not Humane.

Image Credit: Image provided by California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation
Issue Image

The cover image takes its theme from the paper by Leonidas Koniaris and colleagues. Data from executions in the US suggest that current lethal injection protocols do not effect death through the mechanisms intended, and that potentially aware inmates could die through pancuronium-induced asphyxiation. The humaneness of lethal injection is discussed further in the accompanying Editorial.

Editorial

Lethal Injection Is Not Humane

The PLoS Medicine Editors

Essays

Perspectives

Policy Forums

Malaria in Pregnancy: What Can the Social Sciences Contribute?

Joan Muela Ribera, Susanna Hausmann-Muela, Umberto D'Alessandro, Koen Peeters Grietens

Valid Consent for Genomic Epidemiology in Developing Countries

Dave A Chokshi, Mahamadou A Thera, Michael Parker, Mahamadou Diakite, Julie Makani, Dominic P Kwiatkowski, Ogobara K Doumbo

Case Report

A Man with Labile Blood Pressure

Ronald C. W Ma, Kwok Hing Yiu, Edward H. C Wong, Kin Hung Liu, Joseph Y. S Chan, Chun Chung Chow, Clive S Cockram

Research Articles

Lethal Injection for Execution: Chemical Asphyxiation?

Teresa A Zimmers, Jonathan Sheldon, David A Lubarsky, Francisco López-Muñoz, Linda Waterman, Richard Weisman, Leonidas G Koniaris

Rotavirus Antigenemia in Children Is Associated with Viremia

Sarah E Blutt, David O Matson, Sue E Crawford, Mary Allen Staat, Parvin Azimi, Berkeley L Bennett, Pedro A Piedra, Margaret E Conner

Antibody to Aquaporin 4 in the Diagnosis of Neuromyelitis Optica

Friedemann Paul, Sven Jarius, Orhan Aktas, Martin Bluthner, Oliver Bauer, Heribert Appelhans, Diego Franciotta, Roberto Bergamaschi, Edward Littleton, Jacqueline Palace, Hans-Peter Seelig, Reinhard Hohlfeld, Angela Vincent, Frauke Zipp

Gene Expression Signatures That Predict Radiation Exposure in Mice and Humans

Holly K Dressman, Garrett G Muramoto, Nelson J Chao, Sarah Meadows, Dawn Marshall, Geoffrey S Ginsburg, Joseph R Nevins, John P Chute

Signature-Based Small Molecule Screening Identifies Cytosine Arabinoside as an EWS/FLI Modulator in Ewing Sarcoma

Kimberly Stegmaier, Jenny S Wong, Kenneth N Ross, Kwan T Chow, David Peck, Renee D Wright, Stephen L Lessnick, Andrew L Kung, Todd R Golub

Polymorphisms, Mutations, and Amplification of the EGFR Gene in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancers

Masaharu Nomura, Hisayuki Shigematsu, Lin Li, Makoto Suzuki, Takao Takahashi, Pila Estess, Mark Siegelman, Ziding Feng, Harubumi Kato, Antonio Marchetti, Jerry W Shay, Margaret R Spitz, Ignacio I Wistuba, John D Minna, Adi F Gazdar

Genetics of Ischaemic Stroke among Persons of Non-European Descent: A Meta-Analysis of Eight Genes Involving ∼ 32,500 Individuals

Roshan Ariyaratnam, Juan P Casas, John Whittaker, Liam Smeeth, Aroon D Hingorani, Pankaj Sharma

Earlier Mother's Age at Menarche Predicts Rapid Infancy Growth and Childhood Obesity

Ken K Ong, Kate Northstone, Jonathan CK Wells, Carol Rubin, Andy R Ness, Jean Golding, David B Dunger

Characteristics and Impact of Drug Detailing for Gabapentin

Michael A Steinman, G. Michael Harper, Mary-Margaret Chren, C. Seth Landefeld, Lisa A Bero

Comparative Analysis of Alcohol Control Policies in 30 Countries

Donald A Brand, Michaela Saisana, Lisa A Rynn, Fulvia Pennoni, Albert B Lowenfels

Macrosomia and Hyperinsulinaemic Hypoglycaemia in Patients with Heterozygous Mutations in the HNF4A Gene

Ewan R Pearson, Sylvia F Boj, Anna M Steele, Timothy Barrett, Karen Stals, Julian P Shield, Sian Ellard, Jorge Ferrer, Andrew T Hattersley

Correspondence

XDR-TB in South Africa: Detention Is Not the Priority

Eric Goemaere, Nathan Ford, Daniel Berman, Cheryl McDermid, Rachel Cohen

XDR-TB in South Africa: Theory and Practice

Jason Andrews, Sanjay Basu, David Scales, Duncan Smith-Rohrberg Maru, Ramnath Subbaraman

Palladin Mutation Causes Familial Pancreatic Cancer: Absence in European Families

Emily Slater, Vera Amrillaeva, Volker Fendrich, Detlef Bartsch, Julie Earl, Louis J Vitone, John P Neoptolemos, William Greenhalf