Table of Contents: November 2005

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Lily Valdés was born in Panama in 1975, where she continues to live and work. She studied structural architecture at Santa María La Antigua University, and publicity and marketing at the Latin American University of Science and Technology. Lily has been exhibiting her art work nationally since 1994, and has twice been invited to show her work in the Biennial Show at the Contemporary Art Museum, Panama. She has had international exhibitions in Colombia, Argentina, Spain, Cuba, and the United States, and was chosen as one of the 2004 artists of the year at the Piag Museum, Coral Gables, Florida. The art expresion Web site ( awarded her the "first creativity award" and she received the first award in painting in the MUNDOART 2005 contest. She belongs to the Association of Art Around the World.

Lily's collected works draw on the themes of motherhood, women's roles and responsibilities in society, infertility, and the use of assisted reproduction technologies.

Neglected Diseases


Mitochondrial DNA Mutations in Cancer

Stefanie Zanssen, Eric A Schon

Policy Forums

Rationing Antiretroviral Therapy for HIV/AIDS in Africa: Choices and Consequences

Sydney Rosen, Ian Sanne, Alizanne Collier, Jonathon L Simon

Psychiatric Health Laws in Pakistan: From Lunacy to Mental Health

Ahmed Ijaz Gilani, Umer Ijaz Gilani, Pashtoon Murtaza Kasi, Murad Musa Khan

Student Forum

Why Medical Students Are Crucial to the Future of Research in South Asia

Fawad Aslam, Murtaza Shakir, Muhammad Ahad Qayyum

Research Articles

Effect of Artemether-Lumefantrine Policy and Improved Vector Control on Malaria Burden in KwaZulu–Natal, South Africa

Karen I Barnes, David N Durrheim, Francesca Little, Amanda Jackson, Ushma Mehta, Elizabeth Allen, Sicelo S Dlamini, Joyce Tsoka, Barry Bredenkamp, D. Jotham Mthembu, Nicholas J White, Brian L Sharp

A Malaria Vaccine That Elicits in Humans Antibodies Able to Kill Plasmodium falciparum

Pierre Druilhe, François Spertini, Daw Soesoe, Giampietro Corradin, Pedro Mejia, Subhash Singh, Regine Audran, Ahmed Bouzidi, Claude Oeuvray, Christian Roussilhon

Sources of Contraceptive Commodities for Users in Nigeria

Boniface A Oye-Adeniran, Isaac F Adewole, Augustine V Umoh, Adesina Oladokun, Abidoye Gbadegesin, Kofo A Odeyemi, Ekanem E Ekanem

A Measles Epidemic Threshold in a Highly Vaccinated Population

Jacco Wallinga, Janneke C. M Heijne, Mirjam Kretzschmar

A Critical Reassessment of the Role of Mitochondria in Tumorigenesis

Antonio Salas, Yong-Gang Yao, Vincent Macaulay, Ana Vega, Ángel Carracedo, Hans-Jürgen Bandelt

Oncogenic Transformation by Inhibitor-Sensitive and -Resistant EGFR Mutants

Heidi Greulich, Tzu-Hsiu Chen, Whei Feng, Pasi A Jänne, James V Alvarez, Mauro Zappaterra, Sara E Bulmer, David A Frank, William C Hahn, William R Sellers, Matthew Meyerson

Pharmacological and rAAV Gene Therapy Rescue of Visual Functions in a Blind Mouse Model of Leber Congenital Amaurosis

Matthew L Batten, Yoshikazu Imanishi, Daniel C Tu, Thuy Doan, Li Zhu, Jijing Pang, Lyudmila Glushakova, Alexander R Moise, Wolfgang Baehr, Russell N. Van Gelder, William W Hauswirth, Fred Rieke, Krzysztof Palczewski


Response to Amir Attaran

John W McArthur, Jeffrey D Sachs, Guido Schmidt-Traub

Author's Reply

John P. A Ioannidis

Placebo: Physician, Heal Thyself

Arunachalam Kumar, C. Jairaj Kumar

The Need of a Neonatal Preparation for Chagas Disease

Sergio Sosa-Estani, Jose M Belizan, Fernando Althabe, Aldofo Rubinstein