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Table of Contents: November 2011

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In the November editorial, the PLoS Medicine Editors and partners Samantha Latoff, Mary Nell Wegner, and Ana Langer from the Maternal Health Task Force at the Harvard School of Public Health announce their partnership and a call for both primary research and commentary papers on “quality of maternal health care.” Although the coverage of maternal health services has improved in some high-burden countries, the content and quality of the care received by women has not developed at the same rate. The Maternal Health Task Force–PLoS Collection will provide a freely available resource of published research and commentary on maternal health care with the aim of improving access to information and to encourage more progress in reducing maternal morbidity and mortality around the world. The Editors and their partners say: “In order to reduce maternal morbidity and mortality, it is becoming clear that policies and programs need to improve the quality on the supply side of the service delivery equation…PLoS and the MHTF look forward to collaborating on this new initiative and hope it will encourage researchers to submit to PLoS their best research and commentary to help accelerate progress on the quality of maternal health care.”

Editorial

Quality of Maternal Health Care: A Call for Papers for a Maternal Health Task Force–PLoS Collection

Samantha R. Lattof, Mary Nell Wegner, Ana Langer , and the PLoS Medicine Editors

Perspective

Policy Forums

Evidence-Based Guidelines for Mental, Neurological, and Substance Use Disorders in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Summary of WHO Recommendations

Tarun Dua, Corrado Barbui, Nicolas Clark, Alexandra Fleischmann, Vladimir Poznyak, Mark van Ommeren, M. Taghi Yasamy, Jose Luis Ayuso-Mateos, Gretchen L. Birbeck, Colin Drummond, Melvyn Freeman, Panteleimon Giannakopoulos, Itzhak Levav, Isidore S. Obot, Olayinka Omigbodun, Vikram Patel, Michael Phillips, Martin Prince, Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar, Atif Rahman, Josemir W. Sander, John B. Saunders, Chiara Servili, Thara Rangaswamy, Jürgen Unützer, Peter Ventevogel, Lakshmi Vijayakumar, Graham Thornicroft, Shekhar Saxena

What Research Is Needed to Stop TB? Introducing the TB Research Movement

Christian Lienhardt, Marcos Espinal, Madhukar Pai, Dermot Maher, Mario C. Raviglione

Priorities for Research on Equity and Health: Towards an Equity-Focused Health Research Agenda

Piroska Östlin, Ted Schrecker, Ritu Sadana, Josiane Bonnefoy, Lucy Gilson, Clyde Hertzman, Michael P. Kelly, Tord Kjellstrom, Ronald Labonté, Olle Lundberg, Carles Muntaner, Jennie Popay, Gita Sen, Ziba Vaghri

Responsible Governance for Mental Health Research in Low Resource Countries

M. Taghi Yasamy, Pallab K. Maulik, Mark Tomlinson, Crick Lund, Mark Van Ommeren, Shekhar Saxena

Managing the Demand for Global Health Education

Vanessa B. Kerry, Thumbi Ndung'u, Rochelle P. Walensky, Patrick T. Lee, V. Frederick I. B. Kayanja, David R. Bangsberg

Reviews

Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision: Strategies for Meeting the Human Resource Needs of Scale-Up in Southern and Eastern Africa

Kelly Curran, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Andrew Mirelman, Kim Dickson, Tigistu Adamu, Peter Cherutich, Hally Mahler, Bennett Fimbo, Thembisile Khumalo Mavuso, Jennifer Albertini, Laura Fitzgerald, Naomi Bock, Jason Reed, Delivette Castor, David Stanton

Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision: Translating Research into the Rapid Expansion of Services in Kenya, 2008–2011

Zebedee Mwandi, Anne Murphy, Jason Reed, Kipruto Chesang, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Kawango Agot, Emma Llewellyn, Charles Kirui, Kennedy Serrem, Isaac Abuya, Mores Loolpapit, Regina Mbayaki, Ndungu Kiriro, Peter Cherutich, Nicholas Muraguri, John Motoku, Jack Kioko, Nancy Knight, Naomi Bock

Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision: Matching Demand and Supply with Quality and Efficiency in a High-Volume Campaign in Iringa Region, Tanzania

Hally R. Mahler, Baldwin Kileo, Kelly Curran, Marya Plotkin, Tigistu Adamu, Augustino Hellar, Sifuni Koshuma, Simeon Nyabenda, Michael Machaku, Mainza Lukobo-Durrell, Delivette Castor, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Bennett Fimbo

Research Articles

Optimal Uses of Antiretrovirals for Prevention in HIV-1 Serodiscordant Heterosexual Couples in South Africa: A Modelling Study

Timothy B. Hallett, Jared M. Baeten, Renee Heffron, Ruanne Barnabas, Guy de Bruyn, Íde Cremin, Sinead Delany, Geoffrey P. Garnett, Glenda Gray, Leigh Johnson, James McIntyre, Helen Rees, Connie Celum

Effect of Supplementation with Zinc and Other Micronutrients on Malaria in Tanzanian Children: A Randomised Trial

Jacobien Veenemans, Paul Milligan, Andrew M. Prentice, Laura R. A. Schouten, Nienke Inja, Aafke C. van der Heijden, Linsey C. C. de Boer, Esther J. S. Jansen, Anna E. Koopmans, Wendy T. M. Enthoven, Rob J. Kraaijenhagen, Ayse Y. Demir, Donald R. A. Uges, Erasto V. Mbugi, Huub F. J. Savelkoul, Hans Verhoef

Rapid Diagnosis of Tuberculosis with the Xpert MTB/RIF Assay in High Burden Countries: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Anna Vassall, Sanne van Kampen, Hojoon Sohn, Joy S. Michael, K. R. John, Saskia den Boon, J. Lucian Davis, Andrew Whitelaw, Mark P. Nicol, Maria Tarcela Gler, Anar Khaliqov, Carlos Zamudio, Mark D. Perkins, Catharina C. Boehme, Frank Cobelens

Physical Activity Attenuates the Influence of FTO Variants on Obesity Risk: A Meta-Analysis of 218,166 Adults and 19,268 Children

Tuomas O. Kilpeläinen, Lu Qi, Soren Brage, Stephen J. Sharp, Emily Sonestedt, Ellen Demerath, Tariq Ahmad, Samia Mora, Marika Kaakinen, Camilla Helene Sandholt, Christina Holzapfel, Christine S. Autenrieth, Elina Hyppönen, Stéphane Cauchi, Meian He, Zoltan Kutalik, Meena Kumari, Alena Stančáková, Karina Meidtner, Beverley Balkau, Jonathan T. Tan, Massimo Mangino, Nicholas J. Timpson, Yiqing Song, M. Carola Zillikens, Kathleen A. Jablonski, Melissa E. Garcia, Stefan Johansson, Jennifer L. Bragg-Gresham, Ying Wu, Jana V. van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, N. Charlotte Onland-Moret, Esther Zimmermann, Natalia V. Rivera, Toshiko Tanaka, Heather M. Stringham, Günther Silbernagel, Stavroula Kanoni, Mary F. Feitosa, Soren Snitker, Jonatan R. Ruiz, Jeffery Metter, Maria Teresa Martinez Larrad, Mustafa Atalay, Maarit Hakanen, Najaf Amin, Christine Cavalcanti-Proença, Anders Grøntved, Göran Hallmans, John-Olov Jansson, Johanna Kuusisto, Mika Kähönen, Pamela L. Lutsey, John J. Nolan, Luigi Palla, Oluf Pedersen, Louis Pérusse, Frida Renström, Robert A. Scott, Dmitry Shungin, Ulla Sovio, Tuija H. Tammelin, Tapani Rönnemaa, Timo A. Lakka, Matti Uusitupa, Manuel Serrano Rios, Luigi Ferrucci, Claude Bouchard, Aline Meirhaeghe, Mao Fu, Mark Walker, Ingrid B. Borecki, George V. Dedoussis, Andreas Fritsche, Claes Ohlsson, Michael Boehnke, Stefania Bandinelli, Cornelia M. van Duijn, Shah Ebrahim, Debbie A. Lawlor, Vilmundur Gudnason, Tamara B. Harris, Thorkild I. A. Sørensen, Karen L. Mohlke, Albert Hofman, André G. Uitterlinden, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Terho Lehtimäki, Olli Raitakari, Bo Isomaa, Pål R. Njølstad, Jose C. Florez, Simin Liu, Andy Ness, Timothy D. Spector, E. Shyong Tai, Philippe Froguel, Heiner Boeing, Markku Laakso, Michael Marmot, Sven Bergmann, Chris Power, Kay-Tee Khaw, Daniel Chasman, Paul Ridker, Torben Hansen, Keri L. Monda, Thomas Illig, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Nicholas J. Wareham, Frank B. Hu, Leif C. Groop, Marju Orho-Melander, Ulf Ekelund, Paul W. Franks, Ruth J. F. Loos

Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision: Logistics, Commodities, and Waste Management Requirements for Scale-Up of Services

Dianna Edgil, Petra Stankard, Steven Forsythe, Dino Rech, Kristin Chrouser, Tigistu Adamu, Sameer Sakallah, Anne Goldzier Thomas, Jennifer Albertini, David Stanton, Kim Eva Dickson, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli

Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision: Modeling the Impact and Cost of Expanding Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention in Eastern and Southern Africa

Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Steven Forsythe, Jason Reed, Marjorie Opuni, Lori Bollinger, Nathan Heard, Delivette Castor, John Stover, Timothy Farley, Veena Menon, Catherine Hankins

Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision: A Framework Analysis of Policy and Program Implementation in Eastern and Southern Africa

Kim E. Dickson, Nhan T. Tran, Julia L. Samuelson, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Peter Cherutich, Bruce Dick, Tim Farley, Caroline Ryan, Catherine A. Hankins