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Table of Contents: March 2010

COVER

Preventing road deaths—Time for data.

Image Credit: William Notowidagdo at flickr.com
Issue Image

A recent World Health Organization report on inadequate road safety opened with some stark figures: 1.2 million deaths and up to 50 million nonfatal injuries occur every year on the world's roads. In keeping with scope of PLoS Medicine to prioritize studies on all factors that contribute substantially to morbidity and mortality worldwide, this month the PLoS Medicine editors call for better data to support policy changes that could reduce the global burden of death and injury that results from road traffic crashes. In the editorial, the editors stress the impact of inadequate road safety on global health, in both developed and low- and middle-income countries. The editors comment that "research into the risk factors for injury from road traffic crashes, analyses of attitudes to road safety, evaluation of projects aiming to improve road safety, and alternatives to motor vehicle travel are all areas where medical researchers, statisticians, and public health professionals can contribute vital information in support of life-saving policies."

Editorial

Preventing Road Deaths—Time for Data

The PLoS Medicine Editors

Essay

Policy Forums

Protecting Vulnerable Road Users from Injury

Aymery Constant, Emmanuel Lagarde

Guidelines and Guidance

CONSORT 2010 Statement: Updated Guidelines for Reporting Parallel Group Randomised Trials

Kenneth F. Schulz, Douglas G. Altman, David Moher , for the CONSORT Group

Research in Translation

Can Animal Models of Disease Reliably Inform Human Studies?

H. Bart van der Worp, David W. Howells, Emily S. Sena, Michelle J. Porritt, Sarah Rewell, Victoria O'Collins, Malcolm R. Macleod

Research Articles

Accelerating Policy Decisions to Adopt Haemophilus influenzae Type b Vaccine: A Global, Multivariable Analysis

Jessica C. Shearer, Meghan L. Stack, Marcie R. Richmond, Allyson P. Bear, Rana A. Hajjeh, David M. Bishai

BMI and Risk of Serious Upper Body Injury Following Motor Vehicle Crashes: Concordance of Real-World and Computer-Simulated Observations

Shankuan Zhu, Jong-Eun Kim, Xiaoguang Ma, Alan Shih, Purushottam W. Laud, Frank Pintar, Wei Shen, Steven B. Heymsfield, David B. Allison

Essential Surgery at the District Hospital: A Retrospective Descriptive Analysis in Three African Countries

Moses Galukande, Johan von Schreeb, Andreas Wladis, Naboth Mbembati, Helder de Miranda, Margaret E. Kruk, Sam Luboga, Alphonsus Matovu, Colin McCord, S. Khady Ndao-Brumblay, Doruk Ozgediz, Peter C. Rockers, Ana Romàn Quiñones, Fernando Vaz, Haile T. Debas, Sarah B. Macfarlane

Human Resource and Funding Constraints for Essential Surgery in District Hospitals in Africa: A Retrospective Cross-Sectional Survey

Margaret E. Kruk, Andreas Wladis, Naboth Mbembati, S. Khady Ndao-Brumblay, Renee Y. Hsia, Moses Galukande, Sam Luboga, Alphonsus Matovu, Helder de Miranda, Doruk Ozgediz, Ana Romàn Quiñones, Peter C. Rockers, Johan von Schreeb, Fernando Vaz, Haile T. Debas, Sarah B. Macfarlane