Table of Contents: November 2015

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The number of reporting checklists (such as CONSORT for clinical trials, STROBE for observational studies, PRISMA for systematic reviews, STARD for diagnostic accuracy studies, and many more) are proliferating as part of an effort to improve research quality and reduce waste associated with unclear or incomplete reporting. PLOS Medicine has published and supported several checklist-based reporting guidelines that have become widely used, and in some cases required by journals as supporting information in submitted manuscripts.

In light of the expanding number of research reporting guidelines available and recent research and technology development, the PLOS Medicine Editors reflect on the future of research reporting checklists in this month's Editorial.



Health in Action

Shortening Turnaround Times for Newborn HIV Testing in Rural Tanzania: A Report from the Field

Sabina Manumbu, Luke R. Smart, Anna Mwale, Kedar S. Mate, Jennifer A. Downs

The First Use of the Global Oral Cholera Vaccine Emergency Stockpile: Lessons from South Sudan

Abdinasir Abubakar, Andrew S. Azman, John Rumunu, Iza Ciglenecki, Trina Helderman, Haley West, Justin Lessler, David A. Sack, Stephen Martin, William Perea, Dominique Legros, Francisco J. Luquero

Policy Forum

Care that Matters: Quality Measurement and Health Care

Barry G. Saver, Stephen A. Martin, Ronald N. Adler, Lucy M. Candib, Konstantinos E. Deligiannidis, Jeremy Golding, Daniel J. Mullin, Michele Roberts, Stefan Topolski

Research Articles

Mass HIV Treatment and Sex Disparities in Life Expectancy: Demographic Surveillance in Rural South Africa

Jacob Bor, Sydney Rosen, Natsayi Chimbindi, Noah Haber, Kobus Herbst, Tinofa Mutevedzi, Frank Tanser, Deenan Pillay, Till Bärnighausen

Dispersion of the HIV-1 Epidemic in Men Who Have Sex with Men in the Netherlands: A Combined Mathematical Model and Phylogenetic Analysis

Daniela Bezemer, Anne Cori, Oliver Ratmann, Ard van Sighem, Hillegonda S. Hermanides, Bas E. Dutilh, Luuk Gras, Nuno Rodrigues Faria, Rob van den Hengel, Ashley J. Duits, Peter Reiss, Frank de Wolf, Christophe Fraser , ATHENA observational cohort

Venous Thrombosis Risk after Cast Immobilization of the Lower Extremity: Derivation and Validation of a Clinical Prediction Score, L-TRiP(cast), in Three Population-Based Case–Control Studies

Banne Nemeth, Raymond A. van Adrichem, Astrid van Hylckama Vlieg, Paolo Bucciarelli, Ida Martinelli, Trevor Baglin, Frits R. Rosendaal, Saskia le Cessie, Suzanne C. Cannegieter

The PneuCarriage Project: A Multi-Centre Comparative Study to Identify the Best Serotyping Methods for Examining Pneumococcal Carriage in Vaccine Evaluation Studies

Catherine Satzke, Eileen M. Dunne, Barbara D. Porter, Keith P. Klugman, E. Kim Mulholland , PneuCarriage project group

Selection of an HLA-C*03:04-Restricted HIV-1 p24 Gag Sequence Variant Is Associated with Viral Escape from KIR2DL3+ Natural Killer Cells: Data from an Observational Cohort in South Africa

Angelique Hölzemer, Christina F. Thobakgale, Camilo A. Jimenez Cruz, Wilfredo F. Garcia-Beltran, Jonathan M. Carlson, Nienke H. van Teijlingen, Jaclyn K. Mann, Manjeetha Jaggernath, Seung-gu Kang, Christian Körner, Amy W. Chung, Jamie L. Schafer, David T. Evans, Galit Alter, Bruce D. Walker, Philip J. Goulder, Mary Carrington, Pia Hartmann, Thomas Pertel, Ruhong Zhou, Thumbi Ndung’u, Marcus Altfeld