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Table of Contents: June 2014

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To further add to the destruction and chaos of conflict, the past few years have brought mounting concern over the deliberate attacks on health care facilities and health workers, perpetrated to cause maximum damage to the health of populations. Despite concerted activity attempting to tackle these egregious attacks on health care, the distinct lack of progress in reducing the number of such attacks is disappointing.

The PLOS Medicine editors discuss the escalating problem of these attacks and support the importance of research on practical approaches to preventing them, as well as studies that more broadly evaluate interventions to improve health care in conflict settings.

Editorial

Essay

Policy Forums

HIV Treatment-as-Prevention Research at a Crossroads

Till Bärnighausen, Nir Eyal, Daniel Wikler

Antiretroviral Therapy for Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons: A Call for Equity

Joshua B Mendelsohn, Paul Spiegel, Marian Schilperoord, Nadine Cornier, David A. Ross

Research Articles

Place and Cause of Death in Centenarians: A Population-Based Observational Study in England, 2001 to 2010

Catherine J. Evans, Yuen Ho, Barbara A. Daveson, Sue Hall, Irene J. Higginson, Wei Gao , on behalf of the GUIDE_Care project

Efficacy of Pneumococcal Nontypable Haemophilus influenzae Protein D Conjugate Vaccine (PHiD-CV) in Young Latin American Children: A Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial

Miguel W. Tregnaghi, Xavier Sáez-Llorens, Pio López, Hector Abate, Enrique Smith, Adriana Pósleman, Arlene Calvo, Digna Wong, Carlos Cortes-Barbosa, Ana Ceballos, Marcelo Tregnaghi, Alexandra Sierra, Mirna Rodriguez, Marisol Troitiño, Carlos Carabajal, Andrea Falaschi, Ana Leandro, Maria Mercedes Castrejón, Alejandro Lepetic, Patricia Lommel, William P. Hausdorff, Dorota Borys, Javier Ruiz Guiñazú, Eduardo Ortega-Barría, Juan P. Yarzábal, Lode Schuerman , on behalf of the COMPAS Group

Association between Cutaneous Nevi and Breast Cancer in the Nurses' Health Study: A Prospective Cohort Study

Mingfeng Zhang, Xuehong Zhang, Abrar A. Qureshi, A. Heather Eliassen, Susan E. Hankinson, Jiali Han

Association between Melanocytic Nevi and Risk of Breast Diseases: The French E3N Prospective Cohort

Marina Kvaskoff, Anne Bijon, Sylvie Mesrine, Alice Vilier, Laura Baglietto, Agnès Fournier, Françoise Clavel-Chapelon, Laure Dossus, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault

HIV among People Who Inject Drugs in the Middle East and North Africa: Systematic Review and Data Synthesis

Ghina R. Mumtaz, Helen A. Weiss, Sara L. Thomas, Suzanne Riome, Hamidreza Setayesh, Gabriele Riedner, Iris Semini, Oussama Tawil, Francisca Ayodeji Akala, David Wilson, Laith J. Abu-Raddad

Red Blood Cell Transfusion and Mortality in Trauma Patients: Risk-Stratified Analysis of an Observational Study

Pablo Perel, Tim Clayton, Doug G. Altman, Peter Croft, Ian Douglas, Harry Hemingway, Aroon Hingorani, Katherine I. Morley, Richard Riley, Adam Timmis, Danielle Van der Windt, Ian Roberts , for the PROGRESS Partnership

Evidence for the Selective Reporting of Analyses and Discrepancies in Clinical Trials: A Systematic Review of Cohort Studies of Clinical Trials

Kerry Dwan, Douglas G. Altman, Mike Clarke, Carrol Gamble, Julian P. T. Higgins, Jonathan A. C. Sterne, Paula R. Williamson, Jamie J. Kirkham