Table of Contents: September 2014

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In this month's editorial, the PLOS Medicine editors introduce the PLOS Collection on Monitoring Universal Health Coverage. Organized by WHO and the World Bank, and peer reviewed by independent experts, the Collection explains the essential components of UHC and consists of an overview, five technical papers, and 13 country case studies on progress towards monitoring and evaluation of UCH in each country.

The editorial presents the challenges ahead in implementing, monitoring, and evaluating UHC.



Convergence of Mortality Rates among Patients on Antiretroviral Therapy in South Africa and North America

Agnes Binagwaho, Cameron T. Nutt, Placidie Mugwaneza, Claire M. Wagner, Sabin Nsanzimana

Health in Action

Oral Cholera Vaccine Development and Use in Vietnam

Dang Duc Anh, Anna Lena Lopez, Hung Thi Mai Tran, Nguyen Van Cuong, Vu Dinh Thiem, Mohammad Ali, Jacqueline L. Deen, Lorenz von Seidlein, David A. Sack

Policy Forums

Prioritizing Pregnant Women for Long-Lasting Insecticide Treated Nets through Antenatal Care Clinics

Jenny Hill, Jenna Hoyt, Anna Maria van Eijk, Feiko O. ter Kuile, Jayne Webster, Richard W. Steketee

Collection Reviews

Monitoring and Evaluating Progress towards Universal Health Coverage in Chile

Ximena Aguilera, Carla Castillo-Laborde, Manuel Nájera-De Ferrari, Iris Delgado, Ciro Ibañez

Monitoring and Evaluating Progress towards Universal Health Coverage in Ghana

Frank Nyonator, Anthony Ofosu, Mabel Segbafah, Selassi d'Almeida

Monitoring and Evaluating Progress towards Universal Health Coverage in Brazil

Mauricio L. Barreto, Davide Rasella, Daiane B. Machado, Rosana Aquino, Diana Lima, Leila P. Garcia, Alexandra C. Boing, Jackson Santos, Juan Escalante, Estela M. L. Aquino, Claudia Travassos

Beyond UHC: Monitoring Health and Social Protection Coverage in the Context of Tuberculosis Care and Prevention

Knut Lönnroth, Philippe Glaziou, Diana Weil, Katherine Floyd, Mukund Uplekar, Mario Raviglione

Monitoring and Evaluating Progress towards Universal Health Coverage in Singapore

Kelvin Bryan Tan, Woan Shin Tan, Marcel Bilger, Calvin W. L. Ho

Monitoring and Evaluating Progress towards Universal Health Coverage in India

Narayanan Devadasan, Soumitra Ghosh, Sunil Nandraj, T. Sundararaman

Monitoring and Evaluating Progress towards Universal Health Coverage in Bangladesh

Tanvir Huda, Jahangir A. M. Khan, Karar Zunaid Ahsan, Kanta Jamil, Shams El Arifeen

Monitoring and Evaluating Progress towards Universal Health Coverage in Thailand

Viroj Tangcharoensathien, Supon Limwattananon, Walaiporn Patcharanarumol, Jadej Thammatacharee

Equity-Oriented Monitoring in the Context of Universal Health Coverage

Ahmad Reza Hosseinpoor, Nicole Bergen, Theadora Koller, Amit Prasad, Anne Schlotheuber, Nicole Valentine, John Lynch, Jeanette Vega

Monitoring Intervention Coverage in the Context of Universal Health Coverage

Ties Boerma, Carla AbouZahr, David Evans, Tim Evans

Effective Coverage: A Metric for Monitoring Universal Health Coverage

Marie Ng, Nancy Fullman, Joseph L. Dieleman, Abraham D. Flaxman, Christopher J. L. Murray, Stephen S. Lim

Monitoring Progress towards Universal Health Coverage at Country and Global Levels

Ties Boerma, Patrick Eozenou, David Evans, Tim Evans, Marie-Paule Kieny, Adam Wagstaff

Research Articles

Regular Breakfast Consumption and Type 2 Diabetes Risk Markers in 9- to 10-Year-Old Children in the Child Heart and Health Study in England (CHASE): A Cross-Sectional Analysis

Angela S. Donin, Claire M. Nightingale, Chris G. Owen, Alicja R. Rudnicka, Michael R. Perkin, Susan A. Jebb, Alison M. Stephen, Naveed Sattar, Derek G. Cook, Peter H. Whincup

Preventing Acute Malnutrition among Young Children in Crises: A Prospective Intervention Study in Niger

Céline Langendorf, Thomas Roederer, Saskia de Pee, Denise Brown, Stéphane Doyon, Abdoul-Aziz Mamaty, Lynda W.-M. Touré, Mahamane L. Manzo, Rebecca F. Grais

Mortality in Patients with HIV-1 Infection Starting Antiretroviral Therapy in South Africa, Europe, or North America: A Collaborative Analysis of Prospective Studies

Andrew Boulle, Michael Schomaker, Margaret T. May, Robert S. Hogg, Bryan E. Shepherd, Susana Monge, Olivia Keiser, Fiona C. Lampe, Janet Giddy, James Ndirangu, Daniela Garone, Matthew Fox, Suzanne M. Ingle, Peter Reiss, Francois Dabis, Dominique Costagliola, Antonella Castagna, Kathrin Ehren, Colin Campbell, M. John Gill, Michael Saag, Amy C. Justice, Jodie Guest, Heidi M. Crane, Matthias Egger, Jonathan A. C. Sterne

Genetic Predisposition to Increased Blood Cholesterol and Triglyceride Lipid Levels and Risk of Alzheimer Disease: A Mendelian Randomization Analysis

Petroula Proitsi, Michelle K. Lupton, Latha Velayudhan, Stephen Newhouse, Isabella Fogh, Magda Tsolaki, Makrina Daniilidou, Megan Pritchard, Iwona Kloszewska, Hilkka Soininen, Patrizia Mecocci, Bruno Vellas, Julie Williams, Robert Stewart, Pak Sham, Simon Lovestone, John F. Powell , for the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative, for the GERAD1 Consortium

The Clinical and Economic Impact of Point-of-Care CD4 Testing in Mozambique and Other Resource-Limited Settings: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Emily P. Hyle, Ilesh V. Jani, Jonathan Lehe, Amanda E. Su, Robin Wood, Jorge Quevedo, Elena Losina, Ingrid V. Bassett, Pamela P. Pei, A. David Paltiel, Stephen Resch, Kenneth A. Freedberg, Trevor Peter, Rochelle P. Walensky

Intermittent Preventive Treatment of Malaria in Pregnancy with Mefloquine in HIV-Negative Women: A Multicentre Randomized Controlled Trial

Raquel González, Ghyslain Mombo-Ngoma, Smaïla Ouédraogo, Mwaka A. Kakolwa, Salim Abdulla, Manfred Accrombessi, John J. Aponte, Daisy Akerey-Diop, Arti Basra, Valérie Briand, Meskure Capan, Michel Cot, Abdunoor M. Kabanywanyi, Christian Kleine, Peter G. Kremsner, Eusebio Macete, Jean-Rodolphe Mackanga, Achille Massougbodgi, Alfredo Mayor, Arsenio Nhacolo, Golbahar Pahlavan, Michael Ramharter, María Rupérez, Esperança Sevene, Anifa Vala, Rella Zoleko-Manego, Clara Menéndez

Intermittent Preventive Treatment of Malaria in Pregnancy with Mefloquine in HIV-Infected Women Receiving Cotrimoxazole Prophylaxis: A Multicenter Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial

Raquel González, Meghna Desai, Eusebio Macete, Peter Ouma, Mwaka A. Kakolwa, Salim Abdulla, John J. Aponte, Helder Bulo, Abdunoor M. Kabanywanyi, Abraham Katana, Sonia Maculuve, Alfredo Mayor, Arsenio Nhacolo, Kephas Otieno, Golbahar Pahlavan, María Rupérez, Esperança Sevene, Laurence Slutsker, Anifa Vala, John Williamsom, Clara Menéndez

Proton Pump Inhibitors and Hospitalization with Hypomagnesemia: A Population-Based Case-Control Study

Jonathan Zipursky, Erin M. Macdonald, Simon Hollands, Tara Gomes, Muhammad M. Mamdani, J. Michael Paterson, Nina Lathia, David N. Juurlink