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Table of Contents: December 2014

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In this month's editorial, PLOS Medicine Editorial Board member Hilda Bastian describes the challenges faced by the scientific community in improving post-publication commenting culture.

Post-publication evaluation and commenting are important aspects of the research cycle but cultural issues such as increased incivility, fear of repercussions against junior researchers and the under representation of women's views in science remain barriers to scientific progress.

Ms. Bastian argues that addressing these cultural challenges will lead to better science as well as ensuring that thinking and talking about research reports will remain science's vibrant and compelling intellectual core.

Editorial

Health in Action

Tracking Rural Health Facility Financial Data in Resource-Limited Settings: A Case Study from Rwanda

Chunling Lu, Sandy Tsai, John Ruhumuriza, Grace Umugiraneza, Solange Kandamutsa, Phillip P. Salvatore, Zibiao Zhang, Agnes Binagwaho, Fidele Ngabo

Policy Forums

Alcohol Harm Reduction: Corporate Capture of a Key Concept

Jim McCambridge, Kypros Kypri, Colin Drummond, John Strang

From Joint Thinking to Joint Action: A Call to Action on Improving Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene for Maternal and Newborn Health

Yael Velleman, Elizabeth Mason, Wendy Graham, Lenka Benova, Mickey Chopra, Oona M. R. Campbell, Bruce Gordon, Sanjay Wijesekera, Sennen Hounton, Joanna Esteves Mills, Val Curtis, Kaosar Afsana, Sophie Boisson, Moke Magoma, Sandy Cairncross, Oliver Cumming

World Health Organization Guidelines for Management of Acute Stress, PTSD, and Bereavement: Key Challenges on the Road Ahead

Wietse A. Tol, Corrado Barbui, Jonathan Bisson, Judith Cohen, Zeinab Hijazi, Lynne Jones, Joop T. V. M. de Jong, Nicola Magrini, Olayinka Omigbodun, Soraya Seedat, Derrick Silove, Renato Souza, Athula Sumathipala, Lakshmi Vijayakumar, Inka Weissbecker, Douglas Zatzick, Mark van Ommeren

Research Articles

Evaluation of the Lung Cancer Risks at Which to Screen Ever- and Never-Smokers: Screening Rules Applied to the PLCO and NLST Cohorts

Martin C. Tammemägi, Timothy R. Church, William G. Hocking, Gerard A. Silvestri, Paul A. Kvale, Thomas L. Riley, John Commins, Christine D. Berg

Metabolic Signatures of Adiposity in Young Adults: Mendelian Randomization Analysis and Effects of Weight Change

Peter Würtz, Qin Wang, Antti J. Kangas, Rebecca C. Richmond, Joni Skarp, Mika Tiainen, Tuulia Tynkkynen, Pasi Soininen, Aki S. Havulinna, Marika Kaakinen, Jorma S. Viikari, Markku J. Savolainen, Mika Kähönen, Terho Lehtimäki, Satu Männistö, Stefan Blankenberg, Tanja Zeller, Jaana Laitinen, Anneli Pouta, Pekka Mäntyselkä, Mauno Vanhala, Paul Elliott, Kirsi H. Pietiläinen, Samuli Ripatti, Veikko Salomaa, Olli T. Raitakari, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, George Davey Smith, Mika Ala-Korpela

Impact of Replacing Smear Microscopy with Xpert MTB/RIF for Diagnosing Tuberculosis in Brazil: A Stepped-Wedge Cluster-Randomized Trial

Betina Durovni, Valeria Saraceni, Susan van den Hof, Anete Trajman, Marcelo Cordeiro-Santos, Solange Cavalcante, Alexandre Menezes, Frank Cobelens

Home-Based Versus Mobile Clinic HIV Testing and Counseling in Rural Lesotho: A Cluster-Randomized Trial

Niklaus Daniel Labhardt, Masetsibi Motlomelo, Bernard Cerutti, Karolin Pfeiffer, Mashaete Kamele, Michael A. Hobbins, Jochen Ehmer

Genomic Predictors for Recurrence Patterns of Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Model Derivation and Validation

Ji Hoon Kim, Bo Hwa Sohn, Hyun-Sung Lee, Sang-Bae Kim, Jeong Eun Yoo, Yun-Yong Park, Woojin Jeong, Sung Sook Lee, Eun Sung Park, Ahmed Kaseb, Baek Hui Kim, Wan Bae Kim, Jong Eun Yeon, Kwan Soo Byun, In-Sun Chu, Sung Soo Kim, Xin Wei Wang, Snorri S. Thorgeirsson, John M. Luk, Koo Jeong Kang, Jeonghoon Heo, Young Nyun Park, Ju-Seog Lee

Artemisinin-Naphthoquine versus Artemether-Lumefantrine for Uncomplicated Malaria in Papua New Guinean Children: An Open-Label Randomized Trial

Moses Laman, Brioni R. Moore, John M. Benjamin, Gumul Yadi, Cathy Bona, Jonathan Warrel, Johanna H. Kattenberg, Tamarah Koleala, Laurens Manning, Bernadine Kasian, Leanne J. Robinson, Naomi Sambale, Lina Lorry, Stephan Karl, Wendy A. Davis, Anna Rosanas-Urgell, Ivo Mueller, Peter M. Siba, Inoni Betuela, Timothy M. E. Davis

Efficacy of Neonatal HBV Vaccination on Liver Cancer and Other Liver Diseases over 30-Year Follow-up of the Qidong Hepatitis B Intervention Study: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial

Chunfeng Qu, Taoyang Chen, Chunsun Fan, Qimin Zhan, Yuting Wang, Jianhua Lu, Ling-ling Lu, Zhengping Ni, Fei Huang, Hongyu Yao, Jian Zhu, Jian Fan, Yuanrong Zhu, Zhiyuan Wu, Guoting Liu, Wenhong Gao, Mengya Zang, Dongmei Wang, Min Dai, Chu Chieh Hsia, Yawei Zhang, Zongtang Sun