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Table of Contents: September 2013

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This month's editorial, written by Virginia Barbour, who is stepping down as PLOS Medicine's Chief Editor, reflects on the importance of medical journals being disruptive. She highlights some of the papers that have contributed to that disruption and notes some key issues for medical journals to address in the future, including open access and journals’ relationships with the pharmaceutical industry.

Editorial

Essay

Translating Cochrane Reviews to Ensure that Healthcare Decision-Making is Informed by High-Quality Research Evidence

Erik von Elm, Philippe Ravaud, Harriet MacLehose, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Paul Garner, Juliane Ried, Xavier Bonfill

Perspectives

Health Workforce Brain Drain: From Denouncing the Challenge to Solving the Problem

Giorgio Cometto, Kate Tulenko, Adamson S. Muula, Ruediger Krech

Health in Action

Feasibility of Mass Vaccination Campaign with Oral Cholera Vaccines in Response to an Outbreak in Guinea

Iza Ciglenecki, Keita Sakoba, Francisco J. Luquero, Melat Heile, Christian Itama, Martin Mengel, Rebecca F. Grais, Francois Verhoustraeten, Dominique Legros

Policy Forum

Postmarket Surveillance of Medical Devices: A Comparison of Strategies in the US, EU, Japan, and China

Daniel B. Kramer, Yongtian T. Tan, Chiaki Sato, Aaron S. Kesselheim

Guidelines and Guidance

Setting Research Priorities for Preconception Care in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Aiming to Reduce Maternal and Child Mortality and Morbidity

Sohni Dean, Igor Rudan, Fernando Althabe, Aimee Webb Girard, Christopher Howson, Ana Langer, Joy Lawn, Mary-Elizabeth Reeve, Katherine C. Teela, Mireille Toledano, Chandra-Mouli Venkatraman, José M. Belizan, Josip Car, Kit Yee Chan, Subidita Chatterjee, Stanley Chitekwe, Tanya Doherty, France Donnay, Majid Ezzati, Khadija Humayun, Brian Jack, Zohra S. Lassi, Reynaldo Martorell, Ysbrand Poortman, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

Research Articles

Association of the ANRS-12126 Male Circumcision Project with HIV Levels among Men in a South African Township: Evaluation of Effectiveness using Cross-sectional Surveys

Bertran Auvert, Dirk Taljaard, Dino Rech, Pascale Lissouba, Beverley Singh, Julie Bouscaillou, Gilles Peytavin, Séverin Guy Mahiane, Rémi Sitta, Adrian Puren, David Lewis

Risk Factors and Outcomes for Late Presentation for HIV-Positive Persons in Europe: Results from the Collaboration of Observational HIV Epidemiological Research Europe Study (COHERE)

Amanda Mocroft, Jens D. Lundgren, Miriam Lewis Sabin, Antonella d'Arminio Monforte, Norbert Brockmeyer, Jordi Casabona, Antonella Castagna, Dominique Costagliola, Francois Dabis, Stéphane De Wit, Gerd Fätkenheuer, Hansjakob Furrer, Anne M. Johnson, Marios K. Lazanas, Catherine Leport, Santiago Moreno, Niels Obel, Frank A. Post, Joanne Reekie, Peter Reiss, Caroline Sabin, Adriane Skaletz-Rorowski, Ignacio Suarez-Lozano, Carlo Torti, Josiane Warszawski, Robert Zangerle, Céline Fabre-Colin, Jesper Kjaer, Genevieve Chene, Jesper Grarup, Ole Kirk , Collaboration of Observational HIV Epidemiological Research Europe (COHERE) study in EuroCoord

Adherence to Antiretroviral Prophylaxis for HIV Prevention: A Substudy Cohort within a Clinical Trial of Serodiscordant Couples in East Africa

Jessica E. Haberer, Jared M. Baeten, James Campbell, Jonathan Wangisi, Elly Katabira, Allan Ronald, Elioda Tumwesigye, Christina Psaros, Steven A. Safren, Norma C. Ware, Katherine K. Thomas, Deborah Donnell, Meighan Krows, Lara Kidoguchi, Connie Celum, David R. Bangsberg

Current and Former Smoking and Risk for Venous Thromboembolism: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Yun-Jiu Cheng, Zhi-Hao Liu, Feng-Juan Yao, Wu-Tao Zeng, Dong-Dan Zheng, Yu-Gang Dong, Su-Hua Wu

Serotype-Specific Changes in Invasive Pneumococcal Disease after Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine Introduction: A Pooled Analysis of Multiple Surveillance Sites

Daniel R. Feikin, Eunice W. Kagucia, Jennifer D. Loo, Ruth Link-Gelles, Milo A. Puhan, Thomas Cherian, Orin S. Levine, Cynthia G. Whitney, Katherine L. O’Brien, Matthew R. Moore , the Serotype Replacement Study Group

Acupuncture and Counselling for Depression in Primary Care: A Randomised Controlled Trial

Hugh MacPherson, Stewart Richmond, Martin Bland, Stephen Brealey, Rhian Gabe, Ann Hopton, Ada Keding, Harriet Lansdown, Sara Perren, Mark Sculpher, Eldon Spackman, David Torgerson, Ian Watt