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Table of Contents: August 2013

COVER

Better Reporting of Scientific Studies: Why It Matters

Image Credit: Image credit: CCAC North Library, Flickr.com
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In their August editorial, the PLOS Medicine Editors announce a new Reporting Guidelines Collection ahead of the Seventh International Congress on Peer Review and Biomedical Publication, held in Chicago from September 8 to 10, 2013.

This open access collection features some of the many resources available to facilitate the reporting for various study designs, such as guidelines for the reporting of randomized clinical trials (CONSORT), systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA), epidemiological studies (STROBE), and in vivo animal research (ARRIVE). While a more comprehensive library of reporting guidelines and educational materials can be found at the EQUATOR Network website, the Reporting Guidelines Collection also includes commentary and research on the link between the use of reporting guidelines and the quality of research reporting.

Guidelines and checklists for reporting scientific studies are not just tick box exercises; they help improve the transparency and presentation of studies, and therefore have the potential to improve the impact and implementation of scientific research.

Editorial

Essays

Pediatric AIDS in the Elimination Agenda

Scott E. Kellerman, Nandita Sugandhi

Policy Forum

Research Articles

Switching HIV Treatment in Adults Based on CD4 Count Versus Viral Load Monitoring: A Randomized, Non-Inferiority Trial in Thailand

Gonzague Jourdain, Sophie Le Cœur, Nicole Ngo-Giang-Huong, Patrinee Traisathit, Tim R. Cressey, Federica Fregonese, Baptiste Leurent, Intira J. Collins, Malee Techapornroong, Sukit Banchongkit, Sudanee Buranabanjasatean, Guttiga Halue, Ampaipith Nilmanat, Nuananong Luekamlung, Virat Klinbuayaem, Apichat Chutanunta, Pacharee Kantipong, Chureeratana Bowonwatanuwong, Rittha Lertkoonalak, Prattana Leenasirimakul, Somboon Tansuphasawasdikul, Pensiriwan Sang-a-gad, Panita Pathipvanich, Srisuda Thongbuaban, Pakorn Wittayapraparat, Naree Eiamsirikit, Yuwadee Buranawanitchakorn, Naruepon Yutthakasemsunt, Narong Winiyakul, Luc Decker, Sylvaine Barbier, Suporn Koetsawang, Wasna Sirirungsi, Kenneth McIntosh, Sombat Thanprasertsuk, Marc Lallemant , PHPT-3 study team

Towards Universal Voluntary HIV Testing and Counselling: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Community-Based Approaches

Amitabh B. Suthar, Nathan Ford, Pamela J. Bachanas, Vincent J. Wong, Jay S. Rajan, Alex K. Saltzman, Olawale Ajose, Ade O. Fakoya, Reuben M. Granich, Eyerusalem K. Negussie, Rachel C. Baggaley

Inclusion of Ethical Issues in Dementia Guidelines: A Thematic Text Analysis

Hannes Knüppel, Marcel Mertz, Martina Schmidhuber, Gerald Neitzke, Daniel Strech

Expanding Disease Definitions in Guidelines and Expert Panel Ties to Industry: A Cross-sectional Study of Common Conditions in the United States

Raymond N. Moynihan, Georga P. E. Cooke, Jenny A. Doust, Lisa Bero, Suzanne Hill, Paul P. Glasziou

Effect of Household-Based Drinking Water Chlorination on Diarrhoea among Children under Five in Orissa, India: A Double-Blind Randomised Placebo-Controlled Trial

Sophie Boisson, Matthew Stevenson, Lily Shapiro, Vinod Kumar, Lakhwinder P. Singh, Dana Ward, Thomas Clasen