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Table of Contents: November 2010

COVER

Can we count on global health estimates?

Image Credit: D. Sharon Pruitt
Issue Image

Estimates of global health indicators—which give insight into death and disease rates, document advances in development, and help policymakers monitor progress—are absolutely essential for improving global health. Estimates, however, are always imperfect and are sometimes fiercely debated. Recently, new players from academia have entered the game of global health estimation, once the chief domain of United Nations agencies such as WHO. This has created some controversy but also an opportunity to reflect. In November 2010, PLoS Medicine published a cluster of six articles from a series of experts that provide insights and opinion on what estimates mean for global health and how to move forward with better data, measurement, coordination, and leadership. The cluster includes the perspectives of WHO, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), and stakeholders from low- and middle-income countries, as well as the PLoS Medicine Editors.

Editorial

Essays

WHO and Global Health Monitoring: The Way Forward

J. Ties Boerma, Colin Mathers, Carla Abou-Zahr

Perspectives

Policy Forums

Water Supply and Health

Paul R. Hunter, Alan M. MacDonald, Richard C. Carter

Sanitation and Health

Duncan Mara, Jon Lane, Beth Scott, David Trouba

Hygiene, Sanitation, and Water: What Needs to Be Done?

Sandy Cairncross, Jamie Bartram, Oliver Cumming, Clarissa Brocklehurst

Combining Domestic and Foreign Investment to Expand Tuberculosis Control in China

Zhong-wei Jia, Shi-ming Cheng, Zhi-jun Li, Xin Du, Fei Huang, Xiao-wei Jia, Peng Kong, Yun-xi Liu, Wei Chen, Wei Wang, Christopher Dye

Defining Research to Improve Health Systems

Jan H. F. Remme, Taghreed Adam, Francisco Becerra-Posada, Catherine D'Arcangues, Michael Devlin, Charles Gardner, Abdul Ghaffar, Joachim Hombach, Jane F. K. Kengeya, Anthony Mbewu, Michael T. Mbizvo, Zafar Mirza, Tikki Pang, Robert G. Ridley, Fabio Zicker, Robert F. Terry

Research Articles

Colorectal Cancer Screening for Average-Risk North Americans: An Economic Evaluation

Steven J. Heitman, Robert J. Hilsden, Flora Au, Scot Dowden, Braden J. Manns

Efficacy of Oseltamivir-Zanamivir Combination Compared to Each Monotherapy for Seasonal Influenza: A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial

Xavier Duval, Sylvie van der Werf, Thierry Blanchon, Anne Mosnier, Maude Bouscambert-Duchamp, Annick Tibi, Vincent Enouf, Cécile Charlois-Ou, Corine Vincent, Laurent Andreoletti, Florence Tubach, Bruno Lina, France Mentré, Catherine Leport , and the Bivir Study Group

Prescription Medicines and the Risk of Road Traffic Crashes: A French Registry-Based Study

Ludivine Orriols, Bernard Delorme, Blandine Gadegbeku, Aurore Tricotel, Benjamin Contrand, Bernard Laumon, Louis-Rachid Salmi, Emmanuel Lagarde , on behalf of the CESIR research group

Air Pollution and the Microvasculature: A Cross-Sectional Assessment of In Vivo Retinal Images in the Population-Based Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)

Sara D. Adar, Ronald Klein, Barbara E. K. Klein, Adam A. Szpiro, Mary Frances Cotch, Tien Y. Wong, Marie S. O'Neill, Sandi Shrager, R. Graham Barr, David S. Siscovick, Martha L. Daviglus, Paul D. Sampson, Joel D. Kaufman

Strategies for Increasing Recruitment to Randomised Controlled Trials: Systematic Review

Patrina H. Y. Caldwell, Sana Hamilton, Alvin Tan, Jonathan C. Craig