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Table of Contents: September 2008

COVER

Playing Your Cards Right: Non-financial Competing Interests.

Image Credit: Image by Maryam S. at flickr.com
Issue Image

In this month's Editorial, the PLoS Medicine Editors (PLoS Med e199) argue that researchers, authors, reviewers, and editors must pay more attention to non-financial conflicts of interest. Despite the imprecise and sometimes sensitive nature of non-financial competing interests, it will benefit academic communities and journals if a better understanding of their extent and impact is established; if disclosure on the part of authors, reviewers, and editors is required; and if journals and publishers develop clear publication policies on non-financial ("private") competing interests.

Editorial

Essay

Informed Consent in the Genomics Era

Deborah Mascalzoni, Andrew Hicks, Peter Pramstaller, Matthias Wjst

Perspectives

Birth Size and the Pathogenesis of Breast Cancer

Pagona Lagiou, Dimitrios Trichopoulos

Health in Action

Policy Forum

Towards a Data Sharing Culture: Recommendations for Leadership from Academic Health Centers

Heather A Piwowar, Michael J Becich, Howard Bilofsky, Rebecca S Crowley , on behalf of the caBIG Data Sharing and Intellectual Capital Workspace

Guidelines and Guidance

Key Issues in Conducting a Meta-Analysis of Gene Expression Microarray Datasets

Adaikalavan Ramasamy, Adrian Mondry, Chris C Holmes, Douglas G Altman

Ethical and Practical Issues Associated with Aggregating Databases

David R Karp, Shelley Carlin, Robert Cook-Deegan, Daniel E Ford, Gail Geller, David N Glass, Hank Greely, Joel Guthridge, Jeffrey Kahn, Richard Kaslow, Cheryl Kraft, Kathleen MacQueen, Bradley Malin, Richard H Scheuerman, Jeremy Sugarman

Research in Translation

Learning Forum

A 50-Year-Old Woman with Recurrent Generalised Seizures

Ronald C. W Ma, Howan Leung, Patrick Kwan, Wing Yee So, Florence Yap, Chun Chung Chow

Research Articles

Lung Cancer Occurrence in Never-Smokers: An Analysis of 13 Cohorts and 22 Cancer Registry Studies

Michael J Thun, Lindsay M Hannan, Lucile L Adams-Campbell, Paolo Boffetta, Julie E Buring, Diane Feskanich, W. Dana Flanders, Sun Ha Jee, Kota Katanoda, Laurence N Kolonel, I-Min Lee, Tomomi Marugame, Julie R Palmer, Elio Riboli, Tomotaka Sobue, Erika Avila-Tang, Lynne R Wilkens, Jon M Samet

Birth Size and Breast Cancer Risk: Re-analysis of Individual Participant Data from 32 Studies

Isabel dos Santos Silva, Bianca De Stavola, Valerie McCormack , Collaborative Group on Pre-Natal Risk Factors and Subsequent Risk of Breast Cancer

The Infectiousness of Tuberculosis Patients Coinfected with HIV

A. Roderick Escombe, David A. J Moore, Robert H Gilman, William Pan, Marcos Navincopa, Eduardo Ticona, Carlos Martínez, Luz Caviedes, Patricia Sheen, Armando Gonzalez, Catherine J Noakes, Jon S Friedland, Carlton A Evans

Revision Rates after Primary Hip and Knee Replacement in England between 2003 and 2006

Nokuthaba Sibanda, Lynn P Copley, Jim D Lewsey, Mick Borroff, Paul Gregg, Alex J MacGregor, Martin Pickford, Martyn Porter, Keith Tucker, Jan H van der Meulen , on behalf of the Steering Committee of the National Joint Registry (NJR) for England and Wales

Correction

Correction: Public-Health and Individual Approaches to Antiretroviral Therapy: Township South Africa and Switzerland Compared

Olivia Keiser, Catherine Orrell, Matthias Egger, Robin Wood, Martin W. G Brinkhof, Hansjakob Furrer, Gilles van Cutsem, Bruno Ledergerber, Andrew Boulle , for the Swiss HIV Cohort Study (SHCS) and the International Epidemiologic Databases to Evaluate AIDS in Southern Africa (IeDEA-SA)