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Table of Contents: January 2016

COVER

Can Data Sharing Become the Path of Least Resistance?

Image Credit: akerust, Flickr
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Data sharing in medical research could soon become the norm, according to a series of articles published this month in PLOS Medicine. The papers, representing authors from the World Health Organization, the pharmaceutical corporation GlaxoSmithKline, the US National Library of Medicine, and the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, discuss recent progress towards acceptance of data sharing, in particular for research related to public health emergencies, and for reports from clinical trials. This month's Editorial discusses the challenges that remain, including the need to ensure that researchers who share data receive appropriate recognition.

Editorials

Sharing Clinical Trial Data: A Proposal from the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors

Darren B. Taichman, Joyce Backus, Christopher Baethge, Howard Bauchner, Peter W. de Leeuw, Jeffrey M. Drazen, John Fletcher, Frank A. Frizelle, Trish Groves, Abraham Haileamlak, Astrid James, Christine Laine, Larry Peiperl, Anja Pinborg, Peush Sahni, Sinan Wu

Essays

Advancing Medical Professionalism in US Military Detainee Treatment

Leonard S. Rubenstein, Scott A. Allen, Phyllis A. Guze

Resuscitating the Dying Autopsy

Quique Bassat, Paola Castillo, Pedro L. Alonso, Jaume Ordi, Clara Menéndez

Perspective

Policy Forums

Developing Global Norms for Sharing Data and Results during Public Health Emergencies

Kayvon Modjarrad, Vasee S. Moorthy, Piers Millett, Pierre-Stéphane Gsell, Cathy Roth, Marie-Paule Kieny

“Asymptomatic” Malaria: A Chronic and Debilitating Infection That Should Be Treated

Ingrid Chen, Siân E. Clarke, Roly Gosling, Busiku Hamainza, Gerry Killeen, Alan Magill, Wendy O’Meara, Ric N. Price, Eleanor M. Riley

Research Articles

Cotrimoxazole Prophylaxis Discontinuation among Antiretroviral-Treated HIV-1-Infected Adults in Kenya: A Randomized Non-inferiority Trial

Christina S. Polyak, Krista Yuhas, Benson Singa, Monica Khaemba, Judd Walson, Barbra A. Richardson, Grace John-Stewart

Intramuscular Artesunate for Severe Malaria in African Children: A Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial

Peter G. Kremsner, Akim A. Adegnika, Aurore B. Hounkpatin, Jeannot F. Zinsou, Terrie E. Taylor, Yamikani Chimalizeni, Alice Liomba, Maryvonne Kombila, Marielle K. Bouyou-Akotet, Denise P. Mawili Mboumba, Tsiri Agbenyega, Daniel Ansong, Justice Sylverken, Bernhards R. Ogutu, Godfrey A. Otieno, Anne Wangwe, Kalifa A. Bojang, Uduak Okomo, Frank Sanya-Isijola, Charles R. Newton, Patricia Njuguna, Michael Kazungu, Reinhold Kerb, Mirjam Geditz, Matthias Schwab, Thirumalaisamy P. Velavan, Christian Nguetse, Carsten Köhler, Saadou Issifou, Stefanie Bolte, Thomas Engleitner, Benjamin Mordmüller, Sanjeev Krishna

Preventing Weight Gain in Women in Rural Communities: A Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial

Catherine Lombard, Cheryce Harrison, Samantha Kozica, Sophia Zoungas, Sanjeeva Ranasinha, Helena Teede

Strategies to Prevent Cholera Introduction during International Personnel Deployments: A Computational Modeling Analysis Based on the 2010 Haiti Outbreak

Joseph A. Lewnard, Marina Antillón, Gregg Gonsalves, Alice M. Miller, Albert I. Ko, Virginia E. Pitzer

Evidence for Community Transmission of Community-Associated but Not Health-Care-Associated Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Strains Linked to Social and Material Deprivation: Spatial Analysis of Cross-sectional Data

Olga Tosas Auguet, Jason R. Betley, Richard A. Stabler, Amita Patel, Avgousta Ioannou, Helene Marbach, Pasco Hearn, Anna Aryee, Simon D. Goldenberg, Jonathan A. Otter, Nergish Desai, Tacim Karadag, Chris Grundy, Michael W. Gaunt, Ben S. Cooper, Jonathan D. Edgeworth, Theodore Kypraios