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Optimal Evidence in Difficult Settings: Improving Health Interventions and Decision Making in Disasters

  • Martin Gerdin mail,

    martin.gerdin@ki.se

    Affiliation: Centre for Research on Health Care in Disasters, Health Systems and Policy, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

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  • Mike Clarke,

    Affiliations: All-Ireland Hub for Trials Methodology Research, Centre for Public Health, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Queens University Belfast, Royal Hospitals, Belfast, United Kingdom, Evidence Aid, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Claire Allen,

    Affiliation: Evidence Aid, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Bonnix Kayabu,

    Affiliation: Evidence Aid, Centre for Global Health & School of Psychology, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland

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  • William Summerskill,

    Affiliation: The Lancet, London, United Kingdom

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  • Declan Devane,

    Affiliation: National University of Ireland Galway & West Northwest Hospitals Group, Ireland

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  • Malcolm MacLachlan,

    Affiliation: Centre for Global Health & School of Psychology, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland

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  • Paul Spiegel,

    Affiliation: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Geneva, Switzerland

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  • Anjan Ghosh,

    Affiliation: Extreme Events and Health Protection, Public Health England, London, United Kingdom

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  • Rony Zachariah,

    Affiliation: Operational Research, Médecins Sans Frontières- Brussels Operational Centre, Gasperich, Luxembourg

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  • Saurabh Gupta,

    Affiliation: Department of Immunisation, Hepatitis and Blood Safety, Public Health England, London, United Kingdom

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  • Virginia Barbour,

    Affiliation: Medicine Editorial Director, PLOS, Brisbane, Australia

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  • Virginia Murray,

    Affiliation: Extreme Events and Health Protection, Public Health England, London, United Kingdom

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  • Johan von Schreeb

    Affiliation: Centre for Research on Health Care in Disasters, Health Systems and Policy, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

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  • Published: April 22, 2014
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001632

About the Authors

Martin Gerdin, Johan von Schreeb
Centre for Research on Health Care in Disasters, Health Systems and Policy, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
Mike Clarke
All-Ireland Hub for Trials Methodology Research, Centre for Public Health, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Queens University Belfast, Royal Hospitals, Belfast, United Kingdom
Mike Clarke, Claire Allen
Evidence Aid, Oxford, United Kingdom
Bonnix Kayabu
Evidence Aid, Centre for Global Health & School of Psychology, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
William Summerskill
The Lancet, London, United Kingdom
Declan Devane
National University of Ireland Galway & West Northwest Hospitals Group, Ireland
Malcolm MacLachlan
Centre for Global Health & School of Psychology, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
Paul Spiegel
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Geneva, Switzerland
Anjan Ghosh, Virginia Murray
Extreme Events and Health Protection, Public Health England, London, United Kingdom
Rony Zachariah
Operational Research, Médecins Sans Frontières- Brussels Operational Centre, Gasperich, Luxembourg
Saurabh Gupta
Department of Immunisation, Hepatitis and Blood Safety, Public Health England, London, United Kingdom
Virginia Barbour
Medicine Editorial Director, PLOS, Brisbane, Australia

Corresponding Author

Email: martin.gerdin@ki.se

Competing Interests

I have read the journal's policy and have the following conflicts: MG declares no competing interests. MC is a founder and current Director of Evidence Aid. CA is employed as Knowledge Manager for Evidence Aid. BK is employed as Coordinator for Evidence Aid. WS is a member of the Evidence Aid Advisory Board. DD is a member of the Evidence Aid Advisory Board. MM is a member of the Evidence Aid Advisory Board. PS declares no competing interests. AG declares no competing interests. RZ declares no competing interests. SG is a member of the Evidence Aid Advisory Board. VB is Medicine Editorial Director, PLOS; and a member of the Evidence Aid Advisory Board. VM is an editor of PLoS Currents Disasters and employed in the UK as the Head of Extreme Events and Health Protection at Public Health England. VM is actively engaged as part of her work to build a better evidence base for preparedness, response, and recovery to extreme events. VM is the Vice-Chair of the UNISDR Science and Technical Advisory Group where they are working to show that science is useful, usable, and used for disaster risk reduction. VM is a member of the Evidence Aid Advisory Board. JvS declares no competing interests.

Author Contributions

Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: MG. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: MG, MC, CA, BK, WS, DD, MM, PS, AG, RZ, SG, VB, VM, JvS. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: MG, MC, CA, BK, WS, DD, MM, PS, AG, RZ, SG, VB, VM, JvS. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: MG, MC, CA, BK, WS, DD, MM, PS, AG, RZ, SG, VB, VM, JvS.