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Research Article

Muscle-Strengthening and Conditioning Activities and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes: A Prospective Study in Two Cohorts of US Women

  • Anders Grøntved mail,

    agroentved@health.sdu.dk (AG); frank.hu@channing.harvard.edu (FBH)

    Affiliations: Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Sport Science and Clinical Biomechanics, Research Unit for Exercise Epidemiology and Centre of Research in Childhood Health, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark

    X
  • An Pan,

    Affiliations: Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health and Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore and National University Health System, Singapore, Republic of Singapore

    X
  • Rania A. Mekary,

    Affiliations: Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

    X
  • Meir Stampfer,

    Affiliations: Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

    X
  • Walter C. Willett,

    Affiliations: Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

    X
  • JoAnn E. Manson,

    Affiliations: Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

    X
  • Frank B. Hu mail

    agroentved@health.sdu.dk (AG); frank.hu@channing.harvard.edu (FBH)

    Affiliations: Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Published: January 14, 2014
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001587
  • Featured in PLOS Collections

About the Authors

Anders Grøntved, An Pan, Rania A. Mekary, Walter C. Willett, Frank B. Hu
Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
Anders Grøntved
Department of Sport Science and Clinical Biomechanics, Research Unit for Exercise Epidemiology and Centre of Research in Childhood Health, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
An Pan
Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health and Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore and National University Health System, Singapore, Republic of Singapore
Rania A. Mekary
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
Meir Stampfer, JoAnn E. Manson
Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
Meir Stampfer, Walter C. Willett, Frank B. Hu
Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
Walter C. Willett, JoAnn E. Manson, Frank B. Hu
Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AG AP RAM MS WCW JEM FBH. Performed the experiments: AG AP RAM MS WCW JEM FBH. Analyzed the data: AG. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AG AP RAM MS WCW JEM FBH. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: AG. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: AG AP RAM MS WCW JEM FBH. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: AG AP RAM MS WCW JEM FBH. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: AG AP RAM MS WCW JEM FBH.