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Research Article

Association of Lifecourse Socioeconomic Status with Chronic Inflammation and Type 2 Diabetes Risk: The Whitehall II Prospective Cohort Study

  • Silvia Stringhini mail,

    silvia.stringhini@chuv.ch

    Affiliation: Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (IUMSP), Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland

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  • G. David Batty,

    Affiliations: University College London, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, London, United Kingdom, Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

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  • Pascal Bovet,

    Affiliation: Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (IUMSP), Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland

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  • Martin J. Shipley,

    Affiliation: University College London, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, London, United Kingdom

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  • Michael G. Marmot,

    Affiliation: University College London, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, London, United Kingdom

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  • Meena Kumari,

    Affiliation: University College London, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, London, United Kingdom

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  • Adam G. Tabak,

    Affiliations: University College London, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, London, United Kingdom, 1st Department of Medicine, Semmelweis University Faculty of Medicine, Budapest, Hungary

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  • Mika Kivimäki

    Affiliation: University College London, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, London, United Kingdom

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  • Published: July 02, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001479
  • Featured in PLOS Collections

About the Authors

Silvia Stringhini, Pascal Bovet
Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (IUMSP), Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland
G. David Batty, Martin J. Shipley, Michael G. Marmot, Meena Kumari, Adam G. Tabak, Mika Kivimäki
University College London, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, London, United Kingdom
G. David Batty
Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Adam G. Tabak
1st Department of Medicine, Semmelweis University Faculty of Medicine, Budapest, Hungary

Corresponding Author

Email: silvia.stringhini@chuv.ch

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SS MKi. Performed the experiments: SS DB Mki PB. Analyzed the data: SS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MKi AT MS MM Mku. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: SS. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: DB PB MS MM MKu AT MKi. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: SS DB PB MS MM MKu AT MKi. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: SS DB PB MS MM MKu AT MKi. Enrolled patients: MKi MM MKu AT MS.