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Research Article

Prevalence of Consensual Male–Male Sex and Sexual Violence, and Associations with HIV in South Africa: A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study

  • Kristin L. Dunkle,

    Affiliations: Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America, Center for AIDS Research, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Rachel K. Jewkes mail,

    rjewkes@mrc.ac.za

    Affiliation: Gender and Health Research Unit, Medical Research Council of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa

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  • Daniel W. Murdock,

    Affiliations: Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America, Center for AIDS Research, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Yandisa Sikweyiya,

    Affiliation: Gender and Health Research Unit, Medical Research Council of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa

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  • Robert Morrell

    Affiliation: Programme for the Enhancement of Research Capacity, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

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  • Published: June 18, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001472

About the Authors

Kristin L. Dunkle, Daniel W. Murdock
Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
Kristin L. Dunkle, Daniel W. Murdock
Center for AIDS Research, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
Rachel K. Jewkes, Yandisa Sikweyiya
Gender and Health Research Unit, Medical Research Council of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa
Robert Morrell
Programme for the Enhancement of Research Capacity, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

Corresponding Author

Email: rjewkes@mrc.ac.za

Competing Interests

RJ is a member of the Editorial Board of PLOS Medicine. No other competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: KLD RKJ YS RM. Performed the experiments: KLD RKJ YS RM. Analyzed the data: KLD DWM RKJ. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: KLD DWM RKJ. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: YS RM. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: KLD RKJ DWM YS RM. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: KLD RKJ DWM RM YS. RKJ was the Principal Investigator and led the design of the research and wrote the grant proposal.