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Research Article

Fine Particulate Air Pollution and the Progression of Carotid Intima-Medial Thickness: A Prospective Cohort Study from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis and Air Pollution

  • Sara D. Adar mail,

    sadar@umich.edu

    Affiliations: Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America, Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

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  • Lianne Sheppard,

    Affiliations: Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America, Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

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  • Sverre Vedal,

    Affiliation: Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

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  • Joseph F. Polak,

    Affiliation: Department of Radiology, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Paul D. Sampson,

    Affiliation: Department of Statistics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

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  • Ana V. Diez Roux,

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

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  • Matthew Budoff,

    Affiliations: Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute, Los Angeles, California, United States of America, Division of Cardiology, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

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  • David R. Jacobs Jr,

    Affiliation: Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America

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  • R. Graham Barr,

    Affiliation: Departments of Medicine and Epidemiology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York, United States of America

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  • Karol Watson,

    Affiliation: Division of Cardiology, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

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  • Joel D. Kaufman

    Affiliations: Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America, Departments of Epidemiology and Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

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  • Published: April 23, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001430
  • Featured in PLOS Collections

About the Authors

Sara D. Adar, Ana V. Diez Roux
Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America
Sara D. Adar, Lianne Sheppard, Sverre Vedal, Joel D. Kaufman
Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
Lianne Sheppard
Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
Joseph F. Polak
Department of Radiology, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
Paul D. Sampson
Department of Statistics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
Matthew Budoff
Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute, Los Angeles, California, United States of America
Matthew Budoff, Karol Watson
Division of Cardiology, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America
David R. Jacobs Jr
Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America
R. Graham Barr
Departments of Medicine and Epidemiology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York, United States of America
Joel D. Kaufman
Departments of Epidemiology and Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: sadar@umich.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SA LS SV JP PS ADR MB DJ RGB KW JK. Performed the experiments: JP MB DJ RGB KW. Analyzed the data: SA. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: PS. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: SA. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: SA LS SV JP PS ADR MB DJ RGB KW JK. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: SA LS SV JP PS ADR MB DJ RGB KW JK. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: SA LS SV JP PS ADR MB DJ RGB KW JK. Enrolled patients: DJ RGB KW.