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Research Article

Prevalence of Age-Related Macular Degeneration in Nakuru, Kenya: A Cross-Sectional Population-Based Study

  • Wanjiku Mathenge,

    Affiliations: International Centre for Eye Health, Department of Clinical Research, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom, Department of Ophthalmology, Kigali Health Institute, Kigali, Rwanda, The Fred Hollows Foundation–Eastern Africa, Nairobi, Kenya

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  • Andrew Bastawrous mail,

    Andrew.bastawrous@lshtm.ac.uk

    Affiliation: International Centre for Eye Health, Department of Clinical Research, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

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  • Tunde Peto,

    Affiliation: National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre at Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust and UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, London, United Kingdom

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  • Irene Leung,

    Affiliation: National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre at Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust and UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, London, United Kingdom

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  • Allen Foster,

    Affiliation: International Centre for Eye Health, Department of Clinical Research, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

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  • Hannah Kuper

    Affiliation: International Centre for Eye Health, Department of Clinical Research, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

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  • Published: February 19, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001393

About the Authors

Wanjiku Mathenge, Andrew Bastawrous, Allen Foster, Hannah Kuper
International Centre for Eye Health, Department of Clinical Research, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
Wanjiku Mathenge
Department of Ophthalmology, Kigali Health Institute, Kigali, Rwanda
Wanjiku Mathenge
The Fred Hollows Foundation–Eastern Africa, Nairobi, Kenya
Tunde Peto, Irene Leung
National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre at Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust and UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, London, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

Email: Andrew.bastawrous@lshtm.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: WM TP AF HK. Performed the experiments: WM. Enrolled patients: WM HK. Analyzed the data: WM AB AF HK. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: AB WM. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: AB WM HK TP AF. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: WM AB TP IL AF HK. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: WM AB TP IL AF HK.