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Research Article

National, Regional, and Global Trends in Infertility Prevalence Since 1990: A Systematic Analysis of 277 Health Surveys

  • Maya N. Mascarenhas equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Maya N. Mascarenhas, Seth R. Flaxman

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America

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  • Seth R. Flaxman equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Maya N. Mascarenhas, Seth R. Flaxman

    Affiliations: Machine Learning Department, School of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America, School of Public Policy and Management, H. John Heinz III College, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

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  • Ties Boerma,

    Affiliation: Department of Health Statistics and Information Systems, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

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  • Sheryl Vanderpoel,

    Affiliation: Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

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  • Gretchen A. Stevens mail

    stevensg@who.int

    Affiliation: Department of Health Statistics and Information Systems, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

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  • Published: December 18, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001356

About the Authors

Maya N. Mascarenhas
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America
Seth R. Flaxman
Machine Learning Department, School of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America
Seth R. Flaxman
School of Public Policy and Management, H. John Heinz III College, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America
Ties Boerma, Gretchen A. Stevens
Department of Health Statistics and Information Systems, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Sheryl Vanderpoel
Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

Corresponding Author

Email: stevensg@who.int

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: GAS. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: MNM SRF TB SV GAS. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: MNM SRF TB SV GAS. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: MNM SRF TB SV GAS. MNM and GAS accessed and analyzed health survey data. SRF developed the Bayesian statistical model with input from MNM and GAS. All authors contributed to the study design, analysis, and writing of the report. GAS oversaw the research.