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Research Article

The Double Burden of Obesity and Malnutrition in a Protracted Emergency Setting: A Cross-Sectional Study of Western Sahara Refugees

  • Carlos S. Grijalva-Eternod mail,

    c.eternod@ucl.ac.uk

    Affiliations: Centre for International Health and Development, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom, Emergency Nutrition Network, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Jonathan C. K. Wells,

    Affiliation: Medical Research Council Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom

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  • Mario Cortina-Borja,

    Affiliation: Medical Research Council Centre of Epidemiology for Child Health, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom

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  • Nuria Salse-Ubach,

    Affiliation: Independent Consultant, Barcelona, Spain

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  • Mélody C. Tondeur,

    Affiliation: Emergency Nutrition Network, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Carmen Dolan,

    Affiliation: Emergency Nutrition Network, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Chafik Meziani,

    Affiliation: Tindouf Sub-Office, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Tindouf, Algeria

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  • Caroline Wilkinson,

    Affiliation: Public Health and HIV Section, Division of Programme Support and Management, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Geneva, Switzerland

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  • Paul Spiegel,

    Affiliation: Public Health and HIV Section, Division of Programme Support and Management, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Geneva, Switzerland

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  • Andrew J. Seal

    Affiliations: Centre for International Health and Development, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom, Emergency Nutrition Network, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Published: October 02, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001320

About the Authors

Carlos S. Grijalva-Eternod, Andrew J. Seal
Centre for International Health and Development, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom
Carlos S. Grijalva-Eternod, Mélody C. Tondeur, Carmen Dolan, Andrew J. Seal
Emergency Nutrition Network, Oxford, United Kingdom
Jonathan C. K. Wells
Medical Research Council Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom
Mario Cortina-Borja
Medical Research Council Centre of Epidemiology for Child Health, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom
Nuria Salse-Ubach
Independent Consultant, Barcelona, Spain
Chafik Meziani
Tindouf Sub-Office, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Tindouf, Algeria
Caroline Wilkinson, Paul Spiegel
Public Health and HIV Section, Division of Programme Support and Management, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Geneva, Switzerland

Corresponding Author

Email: c.eternod@ucl.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AJS CSGE CW JCKW MCB MCT. Analyzed the data: CSGE. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: CSGE. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: AJS CD CM CSGE CW JCKW MCB MCT NSU PS. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: AJS CD CM CSGE CW JCKW MCB MCT NSU PS. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: AJS CD CM CSGE CW JCKW MCB MCT NSU PS. Trained surveyors and organized and managed field data collection: CM CSGE NSU.