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External Financial Aid to Blood Transfusion Services in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Need for Reflection

  • Fereydoun Ala,

    Affiliation: London, United Kingdom

    X
  • Jean-Pierre Allain mail,

    jpa1000@cam.ac.uk

    Affiliation: University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

    X
  • Imelda Bates,

    Affiliation: Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom

    X
  • Kamel Boukef,

    Affiliation: University of Monastir, Monastir, Tunisia

    X
  • Frank Boulton,

    Affiliation: University of Southampton, London, United Kingdom

    X
  • James Brandful,

    Affiliation: Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana

    X
  • Elizabeth M. Dax,

    Affiliation: Fitzroy, Australia

    X
  • Magdy El Ekiaby,

    Affiliation: Shabrawishi Hospital, Giza, Egypt

    X
  • Albert Farrugia,

    Affiliation: University of Western Australia, Crawley, Australia

    X
  • Jed Gorlin,

    Affiliation: Memorial Blood Centers, St Paul, Minnesota, United States of America

    X
  • Oliver Hassall,

    Affiliations: Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

    X
  • Helen Lee,

    Affiliation: University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

    X
  • André Loua,

    Affiliation: University of Guinée, Conakry, Guinea

    X
  • Kathryn Maitland,

    Affiliation: Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

    X
  • Dora Mbanya,

    Affiliation: University of Yaoundé, Yaoundé, Cameroon

    X
  • Zainab Mukhtar,

    Affiliation: Transfusion Medicine, Karachi, Pakistan

    X
  • William Murphy,

    Affiliation: University College, Dublin, Ireland

    X
  • Ohene Opare-Sem,

    Affiliation: University of Science & Technology, Kumasi, Ghana

    X
  • Shirley Owusu-Ofori,

    Affiliation: Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana

    X
  • Henk Reesink,

    Affiliation: Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

    X
  • David Roberts,

    Affiliations: University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom, NHS Blood and Transplant, Watford, United Kingdom

    X
  • Oscar Torres,

    Affiliation: Hospital Materno-Infantil Ramón Sardá, Buenos Aires, Argentina

    X
  • Grace Totoe,

    Affiliation: Community Blood Center, Duluth, Minnesota, United States of America

    X
  • Henrik Ullum,

    Affiliation: Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark

    X
  • Silvano Wendel

    Affiliation: Sirio Libanes Hospital, Sao Paulo, Brazil

    X
  • Published: September 11, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001309

About the Authors

Fereydoun Ala
London, United Kingdom
Jean-Pierre Allain, Helen Lee
University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Imelda Bates, Oliver Hassall
Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom
Kamel Boukef
University of Monastir, Monastir, Tunisia
Frank Boulton
University of Southampton, London, United Kingdom
James Brandful
Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana
Elizabeth M. Dax
Fitzroy, Australia
Magdy El Ekiaby
Shabrawishi Hospital, Giza, Egypt
Albert Farrugia
University of Western Australia, Crawley, Australia
Jed Gorlin
Memorial Blood Centers, St Paul, Minnesota, United States of America
Oliver Hassall, David Roberts
University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
André Loua
University of Guinée, Conakry, Guinea
Kathryn Maitland
Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Dora Mbanya
University of Yaoundé, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Zainab Mukhtar
Transfusion Medicine, Karachi, Pakistan
William Murphy
University College, Dublin, Ireland
Ohene Opare-Sem
University of Science & Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
Shirley Owusu-Ofori
Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana
Henk Reesink
Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
David Roberts
NHS Blood and Transplant, Watford, United Kingdom
Oscar Torres
Hospital Materno-Infantil Ramón Sardá, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Grace Totoe
Community Blood Center, Duluth, Minnesota, United States of America
Henrik Ullum
Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark
Silvano Wendel
Sirio Libanes Hospital, Sao Paulo, Brazil

Corresponding Author

Email: jpa1000@cam.ac.uk

Competing Interests

FB is Chair of the Board of Medact (http://www.medact.org), a registered charity dedicated to the wellbeing of people affected by war, poverty and environmental damage. FB is also consultant emeritus (unpaid) at the Southampton Centre of NHS Blood and Transplant, the arm of the NHS responsible for what used to be called the Blood Transfusion Service for England, and is occasionally called on for advice on blood donor care. All other authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: JPA AF. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: JPA AF IB EMD OH HL KM DR. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: FA JPA IB KB FB JB EMD ME AF JG OH HL AL KM DM ZM WM OOS SOO HR DR OT GT HU SW. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: FA JPA IB KB FB JB EMD ME AF JG OH HL AL KM DM ZM WM OOS SOO HR DR OT GT HU SW. Contributed to drafting the manuscript: JPA AF IB EMD OH HL KM DR.