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Research Article

Gender Differences in Survival among Adult Patients Starting Antiretroviral Therapy in South Africa: A Multicentre Cohort Study

  • Morna Cornell mail,

    morna.cornell@uct.ac.za

    Affiliation: Centre for Infectious Disease Epidemiology & Research, School of Public Health & Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

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  • Michael Schomaker,

    Affiliation: Centre for Infectious Disease Epidemiology & Research, School of Public Health & Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

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  • Daniela Belen Garone,

    Affiliation: Médecins sans Frontières, Cape Town, South Africa

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  • Janet Giddy,

    Affiliation: McCord Hospital, Durban, South Africa

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  • Christopher J. Hoffmann,

    Affiliation: Aurum Institute, Johannesburg, South Africa and Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

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  • Richard Lessells,

    Affiliation: Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Mtubatuba, South Africa

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  • Mhairi Maskew,

    Affiliation: Health Economics & Epidemiology Research Office, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

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  • Hans Prozesky,

    Affiliation: Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Stellenbosch and Tygerberg Academic Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa

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  • Robin Wood,

    Affiliation: The Desmond Tutu HIV Centre, Institute for Infectious Disease & Molecular Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

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  • Leigh F. Johnson,

    Affiliation: Centre for Infectious Disease Epidemiology & Research, School of Public Health & Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

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  • Matthias Egger,

    Affiliations: Centre for Infectious Disease Epidemiology & Research, School of Public Health & Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa, Division of International and Environmental Health, Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM), University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland

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  • Andrew Boulle,

    Affiliation: Centre for Infectious Disease Epidemiology & Research, School of Public Health & Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

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  • Landon Myer,

    Affiliation: Centre for Infectious Disease Epidemiology & Research, School of Public Health & Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

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  • for the International Epidemiologic Databases to Evaluate AIDS Southern Africa (IeDEA-SA) Collaboration
  • Published: September 04, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001304

About the Authors

Morna Cornell, Michael Schomaker, Leigh F. Johnson, Matthias Egger, Andrew Boulle, Landon Myer
Centre for Infectious Disease Epidemiology & Research, School of Public Health & Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
Daniela Belen Garone
Médecins sans Frontières, Cape Town, South Africa
Janet Giddy
McCord Hospital, Durban, South Africa
Christopher J. Hoffmann
Aurum Institute, Johannesburg, South Africa and Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Richard Lessells
Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Mtubatuba, South Africa
Mhairi Maskew
Health Economics & Epidemiology Research Office, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
Hans Prozesky
Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Stellenbosch and Tygerberg Academic Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa
Robin Wood
The Desmond Tutu HIV Centre, Institute for Infectious Disease & Molecular Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
Matthias Egger
Division of International and Environmental Health, Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM), University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland

Corresponding Author

Email: morna.cornell@uct.ac.za

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MC LM AB. Analyzed the data: MC LFJ. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: MC. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: MC LM AB MS ME DBG JG CJH RL LFJ. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: MC MS DBG JG CJH RL MM HP RW LFJ ME AB LM. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: MC MS DBG JG CJH RL MM HP RW LFJ ME AB LM. Enrolled patients: DBG JG CJH RL MM HP RW. Statistical support: MS LFJ.