About the Authors
- Aaron S. Kesselheim, Bo Wang, Jerry Avorn
- Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacoeconomics, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
- David M. Studdert
- Schools of Law and Population Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
The authors have declared the following competing interests: ASK was co-chair of a conference entitled Conflicts of Interest in the Practice of Medicine: A National Symposium sponsored by the American Society of Law, Medicine, and Ethics, the Highmark Foundation, the Jewish Healthcare Foundation, and the University of Pittsburgh; ASK was paid a small honorarium for his effort. In 2008-2009, ASK served as an expert witness for the state of Texas in a case against Merck alleging inappropriate promotion of rofecoxib (Vioxx), and ASK served as an expert witness for a class of individual plaintiffs in a case against AstraZeneca alleging inappropriate promotion of esomeprazole (Nexium). All other authors have declared no competing interests.
Conceived and designed the experiments: ASK DMS JA. Performed the experiments: ASK BW. Analyzed the data: ASK BW. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: ASK BW. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: ASK BW DMS JA. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: ASK BW DMS JA. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: ASK BW DMS JA.