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Research Article

Prevalence and Risk of Violence and the Physical, Mental, and Sexual Health Problems Associated with Human Trafficking: Systematic Review

  • Siân Oram mail,

    sian.oram@kcl.ac.uk

    Affiliation: Section for Women's Mental Health, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Heidi Stöckl,

    Affiliation: Department for Global Health and Development, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

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  • Joanna Busza,

    Affiliation: Department for Population Studies, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

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  • Louise M. Howard,

    Affiliation: Section for Women's Mental Health, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Cathy Zimmerman

    Affiliation: Department for Global Health and Development, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

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  • Published: May 29, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001224

About the Authors

Siân Oram, Louise M. Howard
Section for Women's Mental Health, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, London, United Kingdom
Heidi Stöckl, Cathy Zimmerman
Department for Global Health and Development, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
Joanna Busza
Department for Population Studies, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

Email: sian.oram@kcl.ac.uk

Competing Interests

Cathy Zimmerman is lead author on one of the papers included in this review and co-author on a further two. The authors have declared that no other competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SO JB LMH CZ. Performed the experiments: SO HS. Analyzed the data: SO HS. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: SO. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: SO HS JB LMH CZ. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: SO HS JB LMH CZ. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: SO HS JB LMH CZ.