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New Methodology for Estimating the Burden of Infectious Diseases in Europe

  • Mirjam Kretzschmar mail,

    mirjam.kretzschmar@rivm.nl

    Affiliations: Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands, Julius Centre for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands

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  • Marie-Josée J. Mangen,

    Affiliation: Julius Centre for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands

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  • Paulo Pinheiro,

    Affiliation: School of Public Health, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany

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  • Beate Jahn,

    Affiliations: Institute of Public Health, Medical Decision Making and Health Technology Assessment, Department of Public Health and Health Technology Assessment, UMIT—University for Health Sciences, Medical Informatics and Technology, Hall in Tirol, Austria, Division of Public Health Decision Modelling, Health Technology Assessment and Health Economics, Oncotyrol Center for Personalized Cancer Medicine, Innsbruck, Austria

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  • Eric M. Fèvre,

    Affiliation: Centre for Immunity, Infection and Evolution, Institute for Immunology and Infection Research, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

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  • Silvia Longhi,

    Affiliation: Institute of Hygiene and Public Health, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy

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  • Taavi Lai,

    Affiliations: National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia, Department of Public Health, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia

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  • Arie H. Havelaar,

    Affiliations: Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands, Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands

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  • Claudia Stein,

    Affiliation: Regional Office for Europe, World Health Organization, Copenhagen, Denmark

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  • Alessandro Cassini,

    Affiliation: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Stockholm, Sweden

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  • Piotr Kramarz,

    Affiliation: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Stockholm, Sweden

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  • for the BCoDE consortium
  • Published: April 17, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001205

About the Authors

Mirjam Kretzschmar, Arie H. Havelaar
Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands
Mirjam Kretzschmar, Marie-Josée J. Mangen
Julius Centre for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Paulo Pinheiro
School of Public Health, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany
Beate Jahn
Institute of Public Health, Medical Decision Making and Health Technology Assessment, Department of Public Health and Health Technology Assessment, UMIT—University for Health Sciences, Medical Informatics and Technology, Hall in Tirol, Austria
Beate Jahn
Division of Public Health Decision Modelling, Health Technology Assessment and Health Economics, Oncotyrol Center for Personalized Cancer Medicine, Innsbruck, Austria
Eric M. Fèvre
Centre for Immunity, Infection and Evolution, Institute for Immunology and Infection Research, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Silvia Longhi
Institute of Hygiene and Public Health, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy
Taavi Lai
National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia
Taavi Lai
Department of Public Health, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
Arie H. Havelaar
Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Claudia Stein
Regional Office for Europe, World Health Organization, Copenhagen, Denmark
Alessandro Cassini, Piotr Kramarz
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Stockholm, Sweden

Corresponding Author

Email: mirjam.kretzschmar@rivm.nl

Competing Interests

MJM received funding for a related tender by ECDC. AH and EF are members of the World Health Organization's Foodborne Disease Burden Epidemiology Reference Group (FERG). AC and PK are employed by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC, http://www.ecdc.europa.eu) and ECDC provided a grant which co-funded this study.

Author Contributions

Conceived the project: MK MJM AH AC PK. Analyzed the data: MJM PP BJ EF SL TL. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: MK. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: MK MJM PP EF BJ SL TL AH CS AC PK. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: MK MJM PP EF BJ SL TL AH CS AC PK. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: MK MJM PP EF BJ SL TL AH CS AC PK.