Advertisement
Research Article

Injectable and Oral Contraceptive Use and Cancers of the Breast, Cervix, Ovary, and Endometrium in Black South African Women: Case–Control Study

  • Margaret Urban mail,

    margaret.urban@nhls.ac.za

    Affiliations: NHLS/MRC Cancer Epidemiology Research Group, National Health Laboratory Services, Johannesburg, South Africa, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

    X
  • Emily Banks,

    Affiliations: National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia, The Sax Institute, Sydney, Australia

    X
  • Sam Egger,

    Affiliation: Cancer Council New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

    X
  • Karen Canfell,

    Affiliations: Cancer Council New South Wales, Sydney, Australia, Sydney Medical School—Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia

    X
  • Dianne O'Connell,

    Affiliations: Cancer Council New South Wales, Sydney, Australia, Sydney Medical School—Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, Australia

    X
  • Valerie Beral,

    Affiliation: Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

    X
  • Freddy Sitas

    Affiliations: Cancer Council New South Wales, Sydney, Australia, Sydney Medical School—Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

    X
  • Published: March 06, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001182

About the Authors

Margaret Urban
NHLS/MRC Cancer Epidemiology Research Group, National Health Laboratory Services, Johannesburg, South Africa
Margaret Urban
Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
Emily Banks
National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
Emily Banks
The Sax Institute, Sydney, Australia
Sam Egger, Karen Canfell, Dianne O'Connell, Freddy Sitas
Cancer Council New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
Karen Canfell, Dianne O'Connell, Freddy Sitas
Sydney Medical School—Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
Dianne O'Connell, Freddy Sitas
School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
Dianne O'Connell
School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, Australia
Valerie Beral
Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

Email: margaret.urban@nhls.ac.za

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: FS VB MU. Analyzed the data: SE. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: EB SE VB. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: MU FS DO'C KC. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: MU EB SE VB FS DO'C KC. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: MU EB SE VB FS DO'C KC. Enrolled patients: MU FS. Statistical advice: DO'C.