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Research Article

Socioeconomic Factors and All Cause and Cause-Specific Mortality among Older People in Latin America, India, and China: A Population-Based Cohort Study

  • Cleusa P. Ferri mail,

    cleusa.ferri@kcl.ac.uk

    Affiliation: King's College London Institute of Psychiatry, Section of Epidemiology, Health Service and Population Research Department, London, United Kingdom

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  • Daisy Acosta,

    Affiliation: Internal Medicine Department, Universidad Nacional Pedro Henriquez Ureña, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic

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  • Mariella Guerra,

    Affiliations: King's College London Institute of Psychiatry, Section of Epidemiology, Health Service and Population Research Department, London, United Kingdom, Department of Psychiatry, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru

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  • Yueqin Huang,

    Affiliation: Peking University, Institute of Mental Health, Beijing, China

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  • Juan J. Llibre-Rodriguez,

    Affiliations: King's College London Institute of Psychiatry, Section of Epidemiology, Health Service and Population Research Department, London, United Kingdom, Medical University of Havana, Havana, Cuba

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  • Aquiles Salas,

    Affiliations: Medicine Department, Caracas University Hospital, Caracas, Venezuela, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Central de Venezuela, Caracas, Venezuela

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  • Ana Luisa Sosa,

    Affiliations: King's College London Institute of Psychiatry, Section of Epidemiology, Health Service and Population Research Department, London, United Kingdom, National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery of Mexico, Autonomous National University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico

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  • Joseph D. Williams,

    Affiliation: Community Health Department, Voluntary Health Services, Chennai, India

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  • Ciro Gaona,

    Affiliation: Clinica Loira, Caracas, Venezuela

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  • Zhaorui Liu,

    Affiliation: Peking University, Institute of Mental Health, Beijing, China

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  • Lisseth Noriega-Fernandez,

    Affiliation: Mental Health Community Centre of Marianao, Havana, Cuba

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  • A. T. Jotheeswaran,

    Affiliation: Indian Institute of Public Health, Hyderabad, India

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  • Martin J. Prince

    Affiliation: King's College London Institute of Psychiatry, Section of Epidemiology, Health Service and Population Research Department, London, United Kingdom

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  • Published: February 28, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001179

About the Authors

Cleusa P. Ferri, Mariella Guerra, Juan J. Llibre-Rodriguez, Ana Luisa Sosa, Martin J. Prince
King's College London Institute of Psychiatry, Section of Epidemiology, Health Service and Population Research Department, London, United Kingdom
Daisy Acosta
Internal Medicine Department, Universidad Nacional Pedro Henriquez Ureña, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
Mariella Guerra
Department of Psychiatry, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru
Yueqin Huang, Zhaorui Liu
Peking University, Institute of Mental Health, Beijing, China
Juan J. Llibre-Rodriguez
Medical University of Havana, Havana, Cuba
Aquiles Salas
Medicine Department, Caracas University Hospital, Caracas, Venezuela
Aquiles Salas
Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Central de Venezuela, Caracas, Venezuela
Ana Luisa Sosa
National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery of Mexico, Autonomous National University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico
Joseph D. Williams
Community Health Department, Voluntary Health Services, Chennai, India
Ciro Gaona
Clinica Loira, Caracas, Venezuela
Lisseth Noriega-Fernandez
Mental Health Community Centre of Marianao, Havana, Cuba
A. T. Jotheeswaran
Indian Institute of Public Health, Hyderabad, India

Corresponding Author

Email: cleusa.ferri@kcl.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CPF MJP. Performed the experiments: CPF DA MG YH JJLR AS ALS JDW CG ZL LNF ATJ MJP. Analyzed the data: CPF MJP. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: CPF MJP. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: CPF DA MG YH JJLR AS ALS JDW CG ZL LNF ATJ MJP. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: CPF DA MG YH JJLR AS ALS JDW CG ZL LNF ATJ MJP. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: CPF DA MG YH JJLR AS ALS JDW CG ZL LNF ATJ MJP.