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Research Article

Effects of Two Commercial Electronic Prescribing Systems on Prescribing Error Rates in Hospital In-Patients: A Before and After Study

  • Johanna I. Westbrook mail,

    J.Westbrook@unsw.edu.au

    Affiliation: Centre for Health Systems and Safety Research, Australian Institute of Health Innovation, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

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  • Margaret Reckmann,

    Affiliation: Centre for Health Systems and Safety Research, Australian Institute of Health Innovation, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

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  • Ling Li,

    Affiliation: Centre for Health Systems and Safety Research, Australian Institute of Health Innovation, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

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  • William B. Runciman,

    Affiliation: School of Psychology, Social Work & Social Policy, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia

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  • Rosemary Burke,

    Affiliation: Pharmacy Department, Concord Repatriation General Hospital, Sydney, Australia

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  • Connie Lo,

    Affiliation: Centre for Health Systems and Safety Research, Australian Institute of Health Innovation, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

    Current address: Information Management and Technology Division, Sydney South West Area Health Service, Sydney, Australia

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  • Melissa T. Baysari,

    Affiliation: Australian Institute of Health Innovation, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

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  • Jeffrey Braithwaite,

    Affiliation: Centre for Clinical Governance Research, Australian Institute of Health Innovation, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

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  • Richard O. Day

    Affiliation: Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, St Vincent's Hospital, Sydney, and Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

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  • Published: January 31, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001164

About the Authors

Johanna I. Westbrook, Margaret Reckmann, Ling Li, Connie Lo
Centre for Health Systems and Safety Research, Australian Institute of Health Innovation, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
William B. Runciman
School of Psychology, Social Work & Social Policy, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia
Rosemary Burke
Pharmacy Department, Concord Repatriation General Hospital, Sydney, Australia
Melissa T. Baysari
Australian Institute of Health Innovation, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
Jeffrey Braithwaite
Centre for Clinical Governance Research, Australian Institute of Health Innovation, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
Richard O. Day
Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, St Vincent's Hospital, Sydney, and Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

Corresponding Author

Email: J.Westbrook@unsw.edu.au

Competing Interests

WBR has in the past had shares, and acted as a consultant to give general advice on incident reporting to Patient Safety International (PSI), which was then bought by ISOFT, which in turn has been bought by Computing Services Corporation. He was a board member of PSI, which at that stage was, but is no longer, a subsidiary of the not-for-profit research organisation, the Australian Patient Safety Foundation (APSF), of which he has been and is President. RB spoke on "Electronic medication management and the Hospital pharmacist" at the Cerner Regional User Group meeting in 2010. This was at the request of her employer. She personally received no honorarium or fees from this speaking engagement. All other authors declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JIW ROD JB WBR. Analyzed the data: JIW LL. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: JIW. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: JIW MR LL WBR MTB JB ROD. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: JIW MR LL WBR RB CL MTB JB ROD. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: JIW MR LL WBR RB CL MTB JB ROD. Collected the data: MR CL. Provided technical advice regarding the systems being evaluated: RB MTB CL.