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Research Article

Adult Mortality Attributable to Preventable Risk Factors for Non-Communicable Diseases and Injuries in Japan: A Comparative Risk Assessment

  • Nayu Ikeda mail,

    ikedan@m.u-tokyo.ac.jp

    Affiliation: Department of Global Health Policy, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

    X
  • Manami Inoue,

    Affiliation: Epidemiology and Prevention Division, Research Center for Cancer Prevention and Screening, National Cancer Center, Tokyo, Japan

    X
  • Hiroyasu Iso,

    Affiliation: Department of Social and Environmental Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan

    X
  • Shunya Ikeda,

    Affiliation: International University of Health and Welfare Graduate School, Tokyo, Japan

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  • Toshihiko Satoh,

    Affiliation: Kitasato Clinical Research Center, Kitasato University School of Medicine, Sagamihara, Japan

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  • Mitsuhiko Noda,

    Affiliation: Department of Diabetes and Metabolic Medicine, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan

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  • Tetsuya Mizoue,

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology and International Health, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan

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  • Hironori Imano,

    Affiliation: Department of Social and Environmental Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan

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  • Eiko Saito,

    Affiliation: Department of Global Health Policy, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

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  • Kota Katanoda,

    Affiliation: Cancer Information Services and Surveillance Division, Center for Cancer Control and Information Services, National Cancer Center, Tokyo, Japan

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  • Tomotaka Sobue,

    Affiliation: Cancer Information Services and Surveillance Division, Center for Cancer Control and Information Services, National Cancer Center, Tokyo, Japan

    X
  • Shoichiro Tsugane,

    Affiliation: Epidemiology and Prevention Division, Research Center for Cancer Prevention and Screening, National Cancer Center, Tokyo, Japan

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  • Mohsen Naghavi,

    Affiliation: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

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  • Majid Ezzati,

    Affiliation: MRC-HPA Centre for Environment and Health, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Kenji Shibuya

    Affiliation: Department of Global Health Policy, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

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  • Published: January 24, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001160

About the Authors

Nayu Ikeda, Eiko Saito, Kenji Shibuya
Department of Global Health Policy, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
Manami Inoue, Shoichiro Tsugane
Epidemiology and Prevention Division, Research Center for Cancer Prevention and Screening, National Cancer Center, Tokyo, Japan
Hiroyasu Iso, Hironori Imano
Department of Social and Environmental Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan
Shunya Ikeda
International University of Health and Welfare Graduate School, Tokyo, Japan
Toshihiko Satoh
Kitasato Clinical Research Center, Kitasato University School of Medicine, Sagamihara, Japan
Mitsuhiko Noda
Department of Diabetes and Metabolic Medicine, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
Tetsuya Mizoue
Department of Epidemiology and International Health, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
Kota Katanoda, Tomotaka Sobue
Cancer Information Services and Surveillance Division, Center for Cancer Control and Information Services, National Cancer Center, Tokyo, Japan
Mohsen Naghavi
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
Majid Ezzati
MRC-HPA Centre for Environment and Health, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

Email: ikedan@m.u-tokyo.ac.jp

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: NI ME KS. Performed the experiments: NI KS. Analyzed the data: NI. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MN ME. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: NI. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: MI HIso SI TSatoh MN TM HImano ES KK TSobue ST MN ME KS. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: NI MI HIso SI TSatoh MN TM HImano ES KK TSobue ST MN ME KS. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: NI MI HIso SI TSatoh MN TM HImano ES KK TSobue ST MN ME KS. Supervised the research: KS. Literature search and data collection of exposures, relative risks and mortality: NI MI HIso MN TM HImano ES KK TSobue ST MN ME KS.