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Research Article

Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision: A Framework Analysis of Policy and Program Implementation in Eastern and Southern Africa

  • Kim E. Dickson mail,

    Dicksonk@who.int

    Affiliation: World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

    X
  • Nhan T. Tran,

    Affiliation: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Julia L. Samuelson,

    Affiliation: World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

    X
  • Emmanuel Njeuhmeli,

    Affiliation: United States Agency for International Development, Washington, District of Columbia, United States of America

    X
  • Peter Cherutich,

    Affiliation: Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation, Nairobi, Kenya

    X
  • Bruce Dick,

    Affiliation: World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

    Current address: Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Tim Farley,

    Affiliation: World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

    X
  • Caroline Ryan,

    Affiliation: Office of the U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator, United States Department of State, Washington, District of Columbia, United States of America

    X
  • Catherine A. Hankins

    Affiliation: Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, Geneva, Switzerland

    X
  • Published: November 29, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001133
  • Featured in PLOS Collections

About the Authors

Kim E. Dickson, Julia L. Samuelson, Bruce Dick, Tim Farley
World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
Nhan T. Tran
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
Emmanuel Njeuhmeli
United States Agency for International Development, Washington, District of Columbia, United States of America
Peter Cherutich
Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation, Nairobi, Kenya
Caroline Ryan
Office of the U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator, United States Department of State, Washington, District of Columbia, United States of America
Catherine A. Hankins
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, Geneva, Switzerland

Corresponding Author

Email: Dicksonk@who.int

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: KD NT JS. Analyzed the data: KD NT JS EN. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: NT KD. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: KD NT JS EN PC BD TF CR CH. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: KD NT JS EN PC BD TF CR CH. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: KD NT JS EN PC BD TF CR CH.