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Research Article

Universal Definition of Loss to Follow-Up in HIV Treatment Programs: A Statistical Analysis of 111 Facilities in Africa, Asia, and Latin America

  • Benjamin H. Chi mail,

    bchi@cidrz.org

    Affiliations: University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, United States of America, Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia

    X
  • Constantin T. Yiannoutsos,

    Affiliation: Indiana University, Indianapolis, Indiana, United States of America

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  • Andrew O. Westfall,

    Affiliations: University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, United States of America, Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia

    X
  • Jamie E. Newman,

    Affiliation: RTI International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, United States of America

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  • Jialun Zhou,

    Affiliation: The Kirby Institute, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

    X
  • Carina Cesar,

    Affiliation: Fundación Huésped, Buenos Aires, Argentina

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  • Martin W. G. Brinkhof,

    Affiliation: University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland

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  • Albert Mwango,

    Affiliation: Zambian Ministry of Health, Lusaka, Zambia

    X
  • Eric Balestre,

    Affiliation: INSERM U897, Bordeaux Segalen University ISPED, Bordeaux, France

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  • Gabriela Carriquiry,

    Affiliation: Instituto de Medicina Tropical Alexander von Humboldt, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru

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  • Thira Sirisanthana,

    Affiliation: Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand

    X
  • Henri Mukumbi,

    Affiliation: Amo-Congo, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

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  • Jeffrey N. Martin,

    Affiliation: University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

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  • Anna Grimsrud,

    Affiliation: University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

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  • Melanie Bacon,

    Affiliation: National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Rodolphe Thiebaut,

    Affiliation: INSERM U897, Bordeaux Segalen University ISPED, Bordeaux, France

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  • on behalf of the International Epidemiologic Databases to Evaluate AIDS Collaboration
  • Published: October 25, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001111

About the Authors

Benjamin H. Chi, Andrew O. Westfall
University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, United States of America
Benjamin H. Chi, Andrew O. Westfall
Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia
Constantin T. Yiannoutsos
Indiana University, Indianapolis, Indiana, United States of America
Jamie E. Newman
RTI International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, United States of America
Jialun Zhou
The Kirby Institute, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Carina Cesar
Fundación Huésped, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Martin W. G. Brinkhof
University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
Albert Mwango
Zambian Ministry of Health, Lusaka, Zambia
Eric Balestre, Rodolphe Thiebaut
INSERM U897, Bordeaux Segalen University ISPED, Bordeaux, France
Gabriela Carriquiry
Instituto de Medicina Tropical Alexander von Humboldt, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru
Thira Sirisanthana
Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
Henri Mukumbi
Amo-Congo, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Jeffrey N. Martin
University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America
Anna Grimsrud
University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
Melanie Bacon
National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: bchi@cidrz.org

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: BHC CTY AOW MWGB RT. Analyzed the data: AOW RT. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: BHC. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: BHC CTY AOW JEN JZ CC MWGB AM EB GC TS HM JNM AG MB RT. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: BHC CTY AOW JEN JZ CC MWGB AM EB GC TS HM JNM AG MB RT. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: BHC CTY AOW JEN JZ CC MWGB AM EB GC TS HM JNM AG MB RT.