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Research Article

Measuring the Performance of Vaccination Programs Using Cross-Sectional Surveys: A Likelihood Framework and Retrospective Analysis

  • Justin Lessler mail,

    jlessler@jhsph.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

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  • C. Jessica E. Metcalf,

    Affiliation: Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Rebecca F. Grais,

    Affiliations: Epicentre, Paris, France, Harvard Humanitarian Initiative, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Francisco J. Luquero,

    Affiliation: Epicentre, Paris, France

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  • Derek A. T. Cummings,

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Bryan T. Grenfell

    Affiliations: Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America, Forgarty International Center, National Institute of Health, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Published: October 25, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001110

About the Authors

Justin Lessler, Derek A. T. Cummings
Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
C. Jessica E. Metcalf
Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
Rebecca F. Grais, Francisco J. Luquero
Epicentre, Paris, France
Rebecca F. Grais
Harvard Humanitarian Initiative, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America
Bryan T. Grenfell
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America
Bryan T. Grenfell
Forgarty International Center, National Institute of Health, Maryland, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: jlessler@jhsph.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JL CJEM RFG DATC BTG. Performed the experiments: JL CJEM. Analyzed the data: JL CJEM. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: JL CJEM. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: JL CJEM RFG FJL DATC BTG. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: JL CJEM RFG FJL DATC BTG. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: JL CJEM RFG FJL DATC BTG.