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Research Article

Mortality and Hospital Stay Associated with Resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli Bacteremia: Estimating the Burden of Antibiotic Resistance in Europe

  • Marlieke E. A. de Kraker mail,

    marlieke.de.kraker@rivm.nl

    Affiliations: Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands, Department of Medical Microbiology, Academic Medical Centre Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands

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  • Peter G. Davey,

    Affiliation: Quality, Safety and Informatics Research Group, Dundee, United Kingdom

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  • Hajo Grundmann,

    Affiliations: Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands, Department of Medical Microbiology, Academic Medical Centre Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands

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  • on behalf of the BURDEN study group
  • Published: October 11, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001104

About the Authors

Marlieke E. A. de Kraker, Hajo Grundmann
Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands
Marlieke E. A. de Kraker, Hajo Grundmann
Department of Medical Microbiology, Academic Medical Centre Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
Peter G. Davey
Quality, Safety and Informatics Research Group, Dundee, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

Email: marlieke.de.kraker@rivm.nl

Competing Interests

All authors have read the journal's policy and HG and MdK have declared that they have no competing interests. PD has the following conflicts, he has received support for research projects about the management of infection from Janssen Cilag and about the epidemiology of asthma from Glaxo Smith Kline. He has been a member of an Advisory Board on antimicrobial resistance for Wyeth and an Advisory Board about new antibiotics for Johnson and Johnson. He has received speaker fees and support to attend meetings from Johnson & Johnson and Optimer Pharmaceuticals.

Author Contributions

ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: MdK PD HG. Agree with the manuscript's results and conclusions: MdK PD HG. Designed the experiments/the study: HG MdK PD. Analyzed the data: MdK. Wrote the first draft of the paper: MdK. Contributed to the writing of the paper: MdK HG PD.