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Research Article

Neonatal Mortality Levels for 193 Countries in 2009 with Trends since 1990: A Systematic Analysis of Progress, Projections, and Priorities

  • Mikkel Zahle Oestergaard mail,

    oestergaardm@who.int

    Affiliation: World Health Organization, Department of Health Statistics and Informatics, Geneva, Switzerland

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  • Mie Inoue,

    Affiliation: World Health Organization, Department of Health Statistics and Informatics, Geneva, Switzerland

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  • Sachiyo Yoshida,

    Affiliation: World Health Organization, Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development, Geneva, Switzerland

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  • Wahyu Retno Mahanani,

    Affiliation: World Health Organization, Department of Health Statistics and Informatics, Geneva, Switzerland

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  • Fiona M. Gore,

    Affiliation: World Health Organization, Department of Health Statistics and Informatics, Geneva, Switzerland

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  • Simon Cousens,

    Affiliation: London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

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  • Joy E. Lawn,

    Affiliation: Saving Newborn Lives/Save the Children, Cape Town, South Africa

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  • Colin Douglas Mathers,

    Affiliation: World Health Organization, Department of Health Statistics and Informatics, Geneva, Switzerland

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  • on behalf of the United Nations Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation and the Child Health Epidemiology Reference Group
  • Published: August 30, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001080

About the Authors

Mikkel Zahle Oestergaard, Mie Inoue, Wahyu Retno Mahanani, Fiona M. Gore, Colin Douglas Mathers
World Health Organization, Department of Health Statistics and Informatics, Geneva, Switzerland
Sachiyo Yoshida
World Health Organization, Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development, Geneva, Switzerland
Simon Cousens
London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
Joy E. Lawn
Saving Newborn Lives/Save the Children, Cape Town, South Africa

Corresponding Author

Email: oestergaardm@who.int

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MZO MI SC JEL CDM. Performed the experiments: MZO MI SC JEL CDM. Analyzed the data: MZO MI SC JEL CDM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MZO MI SY WRM FMG SC JEL CDM. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: MZO. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: MZO MI SC JEL CDM WRM FMG SY. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: MZO MI SY WRM FMG SC JEL CDM. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: MZO MI SY WRM FMG SC JEL CDM.