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Research Article

The Effect of Handwashing at Recommended Times with Water Alone and With Soap on Child Diarrhea in Rural Bangladesh: An Observational Study

  • Stephen P. Luby mail,

    sluby@icddrb.org

    Affiliations: International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Amal K. Halder,

    Affiliation: International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh

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  • Tarique Huda,

    Affiliation: International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh

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  • Leanne Unicomb,

    Affiliation: International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh

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  • Richard B. Johnston

    Affiliation: Water and Environmental Sanitation Section, UNICEF Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh

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  • Published: June 28, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001052

About the Authors

Stephen P. Luby, Amal K. Halder, Tarique Huda, Leanne Unicomb
International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Stephen P. Luby
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
Richard B. Johnston
Water and Environmental Sanitation Section, UNICEF Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Corresponding Author

Email: sluby@icddrb.org

Competing Interests

SPL received a total of $3.2 million in research funding for 13 research projects on handwashing and household water treatment between 1996 and 2007 from the Procter and Gamble Company, a global manufacturer of soap.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SPL RBJ. Performed the experiments: AKH TH. Analyzed the data: SPL AKH. Wrote the paper: SPL AKH TH LU RBJ. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: SPL AKH TH LU RBJ. Agree with the manuscript's results and conclusions: SPL AKH TH LU RBJ. Wrote the first draft of the paper: SPL.