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Research Article

Evaluation of Coseasonality of Influenza and Invasive Pneumococcal Disease: Results from Prospective Surveillance

  • Stefan P. Kuster,

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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  • Ashleigh R. Tuite,

    Affiliation: Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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  • Jeffrey C. Kwong,

    Affiliations: Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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  • Allison McGeer,

    Affiliations: Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Department of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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  • the Toronto Invasive Bacterial Diseases Network,

    Membership of the Toronto Invasive Bacterial Diseases Network is provided in the Acknowledgments.

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  • David N. Fisman mail

    david.fisman@utoronto.ca; david.fisman@gmail.com

    Affiliations: Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Department of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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  • Published: June 07, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001042

About the Authors

Stefan P. Kuster, Allison McGeer
Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Ashleigh R. Tuite, Jeffrey C. Kwong, Allison McGeer, David N. Fisman
Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Jeffrey C. Kwong
Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Jeffrey C. Kwong
Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Allison McGeer, David N. Fisman
Department of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Corresponding Author

Email: david.fisman@utoronto.ca david.fisman@gmail.com

Competing Interests

DNF has received research funding from GlaxoSmithKline, Novartis, and Sanofi Pasteur, all of which manufacture vaccines against respiratory pathogens. AM has received research funding from GlaxoSmithKline and Sanofi Pasteur. The other authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Author Contributions

ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: SPK ART JCK AM TIBDN DNF. Agree with the manuscript's results and conclusions: SPK ART JCK AM TIBDN DNF. Designed the experiments/the study: DNF. Analyzed the data: SPK DNF. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: ART JCK AM TIBDN DNF. Enrolled patients: AM TIBDN. Wrote the first draft of the paper: SPK DNF. Contributed to the writing of the paper: SPK DNF.