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Research Article

Effectiveness of Early Antiretroviral Therapy Initiation to Improve Survival among HIV-Infected Adults with Tuberculosis: A Retrospective Cohort Study

  • Molly F. Franke mail,

    molly_franke@hms.harvard.edu

    Affiliations: Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Partners In Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • James M. Robins,

    Affiliations: Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Jules Mugabo,

    Affiliation: Center for Treatment and Research on AIDS, Malaria, Tuberculosis and Other Epidemics (TRAC Plus), Rwanda Ministry of Health, Kigali, Rwanda

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  • Felix Kaigamba,

    Affiliation: Ruhengeri Hospital, Rwanda Ministry of Health, Ruhengeri, Rwanda

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  • Lauren E. Cain,

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Julia G. Fleming,

    Affiliation: Partners In Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Megan B. Murray

    Affiliations: Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Division of Global Health Equity, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Published: May 03, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001029

About the Authors

Molly F. Franke, James M. Robins, Lauren E. Cain, Megan B. Murray
Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
Molly F. Franke, Julia G. Fleming
Partners In Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
James M. Robins
Department of Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
Jules Mugabo
Center for Treatment and Research on AIDS, Malaria, Tuberculosis and Other Epidemics (TRAC Plus), Rwanda Ministry of Health, Kigali, Rwanda
Felix Kaigamba
Ruhengeri Hospital, Rwanda Ministry of Health, Ruhengeri, Rwanda
Megan B. Murray
Division of Global Health Equity, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: molly_franke@hms.harvard.edu

Competing Interests

Megan Murray is a PLoS Medicine Editorial Board member. The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MF MM JR JM FK JF. Analyzed the data: MF. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JR LC. Wrote the paper: MM JR LC JM FK JF. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: MF JR JM FK LC JF MM. Agree with the manuscript's results and conclusions: MF JR JM FK LC JF MM. Wrote the first draft: MF.