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Research Article

Are HIV Epidemics among Men Who Have Sex with Men Emerging in the Middle East and North Africa?: A Systematic Review and Data Synthesis

  • Ghina Mumtaz,

    Affiliation: Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group, Weill Cornell Medical College-Qatar, Cornell University, Qatar Foundation-Education City, Doha, Qatar

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  • Nahla Hilmi,

    Affiliations: Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group, Weill Cornell Medical College-Qatar, Cornell University, Qatar Foundation-Education City, Doha, Qatar, Human Development Sector, Middle East and North Africa Region, World Bank, Washington (D. C.), United States of America

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  • Willi McFarland,

    Affiliation: HIV Research Section, San Francisco Department of Public Heath, San Francisco, California, United States of America

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  • Rachel L. Kaplan,

    Affiliation: Department of Social Welfare, School of Public Affairs, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, California, United States of America

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  • Francisca Ayodeji Akala,

    Affiliation: Human Development Sector, Middle East and North Africa Region, World Bank, Washington (D. C.), United States of America

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  • Iris Semini,

    Affiliation: Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS Regional Support Team, Middle East and North Africa, Cairo, Egypt

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  • Gabriele Riedner,

    Affiliation: Regional Office of the Eastern Mediterranean, World Health Organization, Cairo, Egypt

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  • Oussama Tawil,

    Affiliation: Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS Regional Support Team, Middle East and North Africa, Cairo, Egypt

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  • David Wilson,

    Affiliation: Global HIV/AIDS Program, World Bank, Washington (D. C.), United States of America

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  • Laith J. Abu-Raddad mail

    lja2002@qatar-med.cornell.edu

    Affiliations: Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group, Weill Cornell Medical College-Qatar, Cornell University, Qatar Foundation-Education City, Doha, Qatar, Department of Public Health, Weill Cornell Medical College, Cornell University, New York, New York, United States of America, Vaccine and Infectious Disease Institute, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

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  • Published: August 02, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000444

About the Authors

Ghina Mumtaz, Nahla Hilmi, Laith J. Abu-Raddad
Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group, Weill Cornell Medical College-Qatar, Cornell University, Qatar Foundation-Education City, Doha, Qatar
Nahla Hilmi, Francisca Ayodeji Akala
Human Development Sector, Middle East and North Africa Region, World Bank, Washington (D. C.), United States of America
Willi McFarland
HIV Research Section, San Francisco Department of Public Heath, San Francisco, California, United States of America
Rachel L. Kaplan
Department of Social Welfare, School of Public Affairs, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, California, United States of America
Iris Semini, Oussama Tawil
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS Regional Support Team, Middle East and North Africa, Cairo, Egypt
Gabriele Riedner
Regional Office of the Eastern Mediterranean, World Health Organization, Cairo, Egypt
David Wilson
Global HIV/AIDS Program, World Bank, Washington (D. C.), United States of America
Laith J. Abu-Raddad
Department of Public Health, Weill Cornell Medical College, Cornell University, New York, New York, United States of America
Laith J. Abu-Raddad
Vaccine and Infectious Disease Institute, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: lja2002@qatar-med.cornell.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: GM NH WM RLK FAA IS GR OT DW LJAR. Agree with the manuscript's results and conclusions: GM NH WM RLK FAA IS GR OT DW LJAR. Designed the experiments/the study: LJAR. Analyzed the data: GM WM FAA IS GR DW LJAR. Collected data/did experiments for the study: GM NH RLK FAA IS GR DW LJAR. Wrote the first draft of the paper: GM. Contributed to the writing of the paper: NH WM RLK FAA IS GR OT DW LJAR.