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Research Article

Violent Deaths of Iraqi Civilians, 2003–2008: Analysis by Perpetrator, Weapon, Time, and Location

  • Madelyn Hsiao-Rei Hicks mail,

    MJHHicks@aol.com

    Affiliations: Health Service and Population Research Department, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College, London, United Kingdom, Iraq Body Count, London, United Kingdom

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  • Hamit Dardagan,

    Affiliation: Iraq Body Count, London, United Kingdom

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  • Gabriela Guerrero Serdán,

    Affiliations: Department of Economics, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, United Kingdom, The MacMillan Center for International and Area Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

    GGS carried out this research while a doctoral student at the Department of Economics, Royal Holloway, University of London, and while a predoctoral fellow at Yale University. The views expressed in this work are those of the authors and do not represent those of UNICEF.

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  • Peter M. Bagnall,

    Affiliation: Iraq Body Count, London, United Kingdom

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  • John A. Sloboda,

    Affiliations: Iraq Body Count, London, United Kingdom, Department of Economics, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, United Kingdom

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  • Michael Spagat

    Affiliation: Department of Economics, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, United Kingdom

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  • Published: February 15, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000415

About the Authors

Madelyn Hsiao-Rei Hicks
Health Service and Population Research Department, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College, London, United Kingdom
Madelyn Hsiao-Rei Hicks, Hamit Dardagan, Peter M. Bagnall, John A. Sloboda
Iraq Body Count, London, United Kingdom
Gabriela Guerrero Serdán, John A. Sloboda, Michael Spagat
Department of Economics, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, United Kingdom
Gabriela Guerrero Serdán
The MacMillan Center for International and Area Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: MJHHicks@aol.com

Competing Interests

MHH is an unpaid non-executive director, HD and JAS the unpaid co-founders, and PMB the software architect of the NGO Iraq Body Count.

Author Contributions

ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: MHRH HD GGS PMB JAS MS. Agree with the manuscript's results and conclusions: MHRH HD GGS PMB JAS MS. Designed the experiments/the study: MHRH HD MS. Analyzed the data: MHRH HD GGS PMB MS. Collected data/did experiments for the study: HD JAS. Wrote the first draft of the paper: MHRH. Contributed to the writing of the paper: MHRH HD GGS JAS MS.