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Research Article

Association of Secondhand Smoke Exposure with Pediatric Invasive Bacterial Disease and Bacterial Carriage: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

  • Chien-Chang Lee,

    Affiliations: Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Emergency Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan

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  • Nicole A. Middaugh,

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Stephen R. C. Howie,

    Affiliation: Bacterial Diseases Programme, Medical Research Council (UK) Laboratories, Fajara, The Gambia

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  • Majid Ezzati mail

    majid.ezzati@imperial.ac.uk

    Affiliations: Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom, MRC-HPA Center for Environment and Health, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom

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  • Published: December 07, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000374

About the Authors

Chien-Chang Lee, Nicole A. Middaugh
Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
Chien-Chang Lee
Department of Emergency Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
Stephen R. C. Howie
Bacterial Diseases Programme, Medical Research Council (UK) Laboratories, Fajara, The Gambia
Majid Ezzati
Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
Majid Ezzati
Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
Majid Ezzati
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom
Majid Ezzati
MRC-HPA Center for Environment and Health, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

Email: majid.ezzati@imperial.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: CCL NAM SRCH ME. Agree with the manuscript's results and conclusions: CCL NAM SRCH ME. Designed the experiments/the study: CCL ME. Analyzed the data: CCL NAM SRCH. Collected data/did experiments for the study: CCL NAM. Wrote the first draft of the paper: CCL ME. Contributed to the writing of the paper: NAM SRCH. Developed research concept and oversaw research: ME.