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Research Article

Information from Pharmaceutical Companies and the Quality, Quantity, and Cost of Physicians' Prescribing: A Systematic Review

  • Geoffrey K. Spurling mail,

    g.spurling@uq.edu.au

    Affiliation: University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

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  • Peter R. Mansfield,

    Affiliations: Healthy Skepticism, Willunga, South Australia, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia

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  • Brett D. Montgomery,

    Affiliation: School of Primary, Aboriginal and Rural Health Care, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia

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  • Joel Lexchin,

    Affiliation: School of Health Policy and Management, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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  • Jenny Doust,

    Affiliation: Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine, Bond University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia

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  • Noordin Othman,

    Affiliation: Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia

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  • Agnes I. Vitry

    Affiliation: Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, Sansom Institute, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia

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  • Published: October 19, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000352

About the Authors

Geoffrey K. Spurling
University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Peter R. Mansfield
Healthy Skepticism, Willunga, South Australia
Peter R. Mansfield
University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
Brett D. Montgomery
School of Primary, Aboriginal and Rural Health Care, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
Joel Lexchin
School of Health Policy and Management, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Jenny Doust
Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine, Bond University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia
Noordin Othman
Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
Agnes I. Vitry
Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, Sansom Institute, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia

Corresponding Author

Email: g.spurling@uq.edu.au

Competing Interests

JL was paid for work with a Canadian generic company, Apotex Inc., in 2007. GS, PRM, BM, JL, NO, and AV are members of Healthy Skepticism Inc. Healthy Skepticism is an international nonprofit research, education, and advocacy association with the main aim of reducing harm from misleading health information. PRM is the director of Healthy Skepticism Inc., and is mostly unpaid. PRM's wife and two of his daughters are part-time employees of Healthy Skepticism Inc. JL is a member of the management committee of Healthy Skepticism.

Author Contributions

ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: GKS PRM BDM JL JD NO AIV. Agree with the manuscript's results and conclusions: GKS PRM BDM JL JD NO AIV. Designed the experiments/the study: GKS PRM. Analyzed the data: GKS BDM JL AIV. Collected data/did experiments for the study: GKS PRM BDM JD NO. Wrote the first draft of the paper: GKS. Contributed to the writing of the paper: GKS PRM BDM JL JD NO AIV. Appraised papers: NO.