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Research Article

Stable and Unstable Malaria Hotspots in Longitudinal Cohort Studies in Kenya

  • Philip Bejon mail,

    pbejon@kilifi.kemri-wellcome.org

    Affiliations: Kilifi KEMRI–Wellcome Trust Collaborative Research Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research–Coast, Kilifi, Kenya, Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine, University of Oxford, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Thomas N. Williams,

    Affiliations: Kilifi KEMRI–Wellcome Trust Collaborative Research Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research–Coast, Kilifi, Kenya, Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine, University of Oxford, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Anne Liljander,

    Affiliation: Department of Medicine Solna, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

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  • Abdisalan M. Noor,

    Affiliations: Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine, University of Oxford, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom, Malaria Public Health & Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research–Coast, Kenya Medical Research Institute/Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya

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  • Juliana Wambua,

    Affiliation: Kilifi KEMRI–Wellcome Trust Collaborative Research Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research–Coast, Kilifi, Kenya

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  • Edna Ogada,

    Affiliation: Kilifi KEMRI–Wellcome Trust Collaborative Research Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research–Coast, Kilifi, Kenya

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  • Ally Olotu,

    Affiliation: Kilifi KEMRI–Wellcome Trust Collaborative Research Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research–Coast, Kilifi, Kenya

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  • Faith H. A. Osier,

    Affiliation: Kilifi KEMRI–Wellcome Trust Collaborative Research Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research–Coast, Kilifi, Kenya

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  • Simon I. Hay,

    Affiliation: Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Tinbergen Building, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Anna Färnert,

    Affiliation: Department of Medicine Solna, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

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  • Kevin Marsh

    Affiliations: Kilifi KEMRI–Wellcome Trust Collaborative Research Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research–Coast, Kilifi, Kenya, Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine, University of Oxford, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom

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  • Published: July 06, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000304

About the Authors

Philip Bejon, Thomas N. Williams, Juliana Wambua, Edna Ogada, Ally Olotu, Faith H. A. Osier, Kevin Marsh
Kilifi KEMRI–Wellcome Trust Collaborative Research Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research–Coast, Kilifi, Kenya
Philip Bejon, Thomas N. Williams, Abdisalan M. Noor, Kevin Marsh
Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine, University of Oxford, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom
Anne Liljander, Anna Färnert
Department of Medicine Solna, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
Abdisalan M. Noor
Malaria Public Health & Epidemiology Group, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research–Coast, Kenya Medical Research Institute/Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya
Simon I. Hay
Spatial Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Tinbergen Building, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

Email: pbejon@kilifi.kemri-wellcome.org

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: PB TNW AL AMN JW EO AO FHO SIH AF KM. Agree with the manuscript's results and conclusions: PB TNW AL AMN JW EO AO FHO SIH AF KM. Designed the experiments/the study: PB FHO KM. Analyzed the data: PB. Collected data/did experiments for the study: PB TNW AL JW EO AO FHO SIH. Enrolled patients: PB TNW JW EO. Wrote the first draft of the paper: PB. Contributed to the writing of the paper: PB TNW AL AMN AO FHO SIH KM. Overall data manager for the cohorts from which these data were derived and was responsible for data integrity: EO. Contributed data, interpretation, and writing of the paper: AF.