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Ecology: A Prerequisite for Malaria Elimination and Eradication

  • Heather M. Ferguson,

    Affiliations: Biomedical and Environmental Thematic Group, Ifakara Health Institute, Dar es Salaam, United Republic of Tanzania, Faculty of Biomedical and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom

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  • Anna Dornhaus,

    Affiliation: Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, United States of America

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  • Arlyne Beeche,

    Affiliation: International Development Research Centre, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

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  • Christian Borgemeister,

    Affiliation: International Centre for Insect Physiology and Ecology, Nairobi, Kenya

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  • Michael Gottlieb,

    Affiliation: Foundation of the National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Mir S. Mulla,

    Affiliation: University of California, Riverside, California, United States of America

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  • John E. Gimnig,

    Affiliation: Division of Parasitic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Chamblee, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Durland Fish,

    Affiliation: Division of Epidemiology of Microbial Diseases, School of Public Health, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

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  • Gerry F. Killeen mail

    gkilleen@ihi.or.tz

    Affiliations: Biomedical and Environmental Thematic Group, Ifakara Health Institute, Dar es Salaam, United Republic of Tanzania, Vector Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom

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  • Published: August 03, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000303

About the Authors

Heather M. Ferguson, Gerry F. Killeen
Biomedical and Environmental Thematic Group, Ifakara Health Institute, Dar es Salaam, United Republic of Tanzania
Heather M. Ferguson
Faculty of Biomedical and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom
Anna Dornhaus
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, United States of America
Arlyne Beeche
International Development Research Centre, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Christian Borgemeister
International Centre for Insect Physiology and Ecology, Nairobi, Kenya
Michael Gottlieb
Foundation of the National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America
Mir S. Mulla
University of California, Riverside, California, United States of America
John E. Gimnig
Division of Parasitic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Chamblee, Georgia, United States of America
Durland Fish
Division of Epidemiology of Microbial Diseases, School of Public Health, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America
Gerry F. Killeen
Vector Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

Email: gkilleen@ihi.or.tz

Competing Interests

With the exception of AD, AB, and MG, all the authors stand to gain from increased funding in the field of vector ecology.

Author Contributions

ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: HMF AD AB CB MG MM JG DF GFK. Agree with the manuscript's results and conclusions: HMF AD AB CB MG MM JG DF GFK. Wrote the first draft of the paper: GFK. Contributed to the writing of the paper: HMF AD AB CB MG MM JG DF. Participated in initial conception of the manuscript: JEG. HMF and GFK drafted the manuscript in consultation with all the other authors, all of whom contributed to the editing and finalization of the submitted draft.