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Research Article

The Effect of Rural-to-Urban Migration on Obesity and Diabetes in India: A Cross-Sectional Study

  • Shah Ebrahim mail,

    shah.ebrahim@lshtm.ac.uk

    Affiliations: Department of Epidemiology & Population Health, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom, South Asia Network for Chronic Disease, Public Health Foundation of India, New Delhi, India

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  • Sanjay Kinra,

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology & Population Health, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

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  • Liza Bowen,

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology & Population Health, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

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  • Elizabeth Andersen,

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology & Population Health, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

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  • Yoav Ben-Shlomo,

    Affiliation: Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom

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  • Tanica Lyngdoh,

    Affiliation: South Asia Network for Chronic Disease, Public Health Foundation of India, New Delhi, India

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  • Lakshmy Ramakrishnan,

    Affiliation: Department of Biochemistry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

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  • R. C. Ahuja,

    Affiliation: Department of Medicine, King George's Medical College and Institute of Clinical Epidemiology, Lucknow, India

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  • Prashant Joshi,

    Affiliation: Department of Medicine, Government Medical College, Nagpur, India

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  • S. Mohan Das,

    Affiliation: Department of Neurology, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, India

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  • Murali Mohan,

    Affiliation: Department of Medicine, Dr. B R Ambedkar Medical College, Bangalore, India

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  • George Davey Smith,

    Affiliation: Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom

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  • Dorairaj Prabhakaran,

    Affiliations: South Asia Network for Chronic Disease, Public Health Foundation of India, New Delhi, India, Centre for Chronic Disease Control, New Delhi, India, Public Health Foundation of India, New Delhi, India

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  • K. Srinath Reddy,

    Affiliation: Public Health Foundation of India, New Delhi, India

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  • for the Indian Migration Study group¶

    Membership of the Indian Migration Study group is provided in the Acknowledgments.

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  • Published: April 27, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000268

About the Authors

Shah Ebrahim, Sanjay Kinra, Liza Bowen, Elizabeth Andersen
Department of Epidemiology & Population Health, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
Shah Ebrahim, Tanica Lyngdoh, Dorairaj Prabhakaran
South Asia Network for Chronic Disease, Public Health Foundation of India, New Delhi, India
Yoav Ben-Shlomo, George Davey Smith
Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
Lakshmy Ramakrishnan
Department of Biochemistry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
R. C. Ahuja
Department of Medicine, King George's Medical College and Institute of Clinical Epidemiology, Lucknow, India
Prashant Joshi
Department of Medicine, Government Medical College, Nagpur, India
S. Mohan Das
Department of Neurology, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, India
Murali Mohan
Department of Medicine, Dr. B R Ambedkar Medical College, Bangalore, India
Dorairaj Prabhakaran
Centre for Chronic Disease Control, New Delhi, India
Dorairaj Prabhakaran, K. Srinath Reddy
Public Health Foundation of India, New Delhi, India

Corresponding Author

Email: shah.ebrahim@lshtm.ac.uk

Competing Interests

George Davey Smith is on the Editorial Board of PLoS Medicine.

Author Contributions

ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: SE SK LB EA YBS TL LR RCA PJ SMD MM GDS DP KSR. Agree with the manuscript's results and conclusions: SE SK LB EA YBS TL LR RCA PJ SMD MM GDS DP KSR. Designed the experiments/the study: SE SK YBS GDS DP KSR. Analyzed the data: LB EA LR. Collected data/did experiments for the study: LB TL LR RCA PJ SMD MM DP. Enrolled patients: PJ SMD MM. Wrote the first draft of the paper: SE. Contributed to the writing of the paper: SK LB EA YBS PJ GDS DP. Study co-investigator; contributed to the study design, management of the fieldwork, staff training and supervision, data interpretation, and drafting of the paper: SK. Contributed to the coordination of the study, supervision of field team, and abstraction of data: TL. Contributed to interpretation of data: PJ.